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abolition

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n abolition the act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery) "the abolition of capital punishment"
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Abolition The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc. ☞ The application of this word to persons is now unusual or obsolete
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n abolition The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; annulment; abrogation; utter destruction: as, the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, rites, customs, debts, etc.; the abolition of slavery. The most frequent use of the word in recent times has been in connection with the effort to put an end to the system of slavery, which was finally accomplished in the United States in 1865 by the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution.
    • n abolition In law: Permission to desist from further prosecution.
    • n abolition Remission of punishment; condonation. [In the civil, French, and German law, abolition is used nearly synonymously with pardon, remission, grace. Grace is the generic term; pardon, by those laws, is the clemency extended by the prince to a participant in crime who is not a principal or accomplice; remission is granted in cases of involuntary homicide and self-defense. Abolition is used when the crime cannot be remitted. The prince by letters of abolition may remit the punishment, but the infamy remains unless letters of abolition have been obtained before sentence has been rendered. Bouvier.] Synonyms Overthrow, annulment, obliteration, extirpation, suppression.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Abolition the act of abolishing
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Quotations

  • Karl Marx
    Karl%20Marx
    “The theory of the Communists may be summed up in the single sentence: Abolition of private property.”
  • Michel Foucault
    Michel%20Foucault
    “Madness is the absolute break with the work of art; it forms the constitutive moment of abolition, which dissolves in time the truth of the work of art.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. abolitio, fr. abolere,: cf. F. abolition,. See Abolish
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr. abolir, aboliss—from L. abolēre, -itumab, from, olēre, to grow. The prep. ab here reverses the meaning of the simple verb.

Usage

In literature:

The discussion of 1832 was followed by a decided reaction against the proposal for the abolition of slavery.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 6, 1921" by Various
The Dutch, largely the slave holders of the State, accused him of wishing to rob them by the abolition of slavery.
"A Political History of the State of New York, Volumes 1-3" by DeAlva Stanwood Alexander
Prevention is not abolition, and unjust laws are the only serious enemies that Law ever had.
"The Writings of James Russell Lowell in Prose and Poetry, Volume V" by James Russell Lowell
The abolition of martial law was deemed by some to be premature.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume II (of 2)" by John West
So early as 1775 a society, the first in America if not in the world for promoting its abolition, was formed in Pennsylvania.
"History of the United States, Volume 3 (of 6)" by E. Benjamin Andrews
Viewed across the years, the Abolition Movement seems a small thing.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 7" by Elbert Hubbard
In 1827, there were one hundred and thirty abolition societies in the United States.
"Anti-Slavery Opinions before the Year 1800" by William Frederick Poole
In the early days of the Republic Abolition Societies had existed mainly, if not exclusively, in the South.
"A History of the United States" by Cecil Chesterton
I am for speedy, immediate Abolition.
"No Compromise with Slavery" by William Lloyd Garrison
The abolition of slavery in the northern states had been brought about by changes in conditions and interests.
"Folkways" by William Graham Sumner
While the home and colonial governments were constructing and dissolving systems, the idea of abolition was started by the press.
"The History of Tasmania, Volume I (of 2)" by John West
In 1783 the Society of Friends submitted to Parliament the first petition for the abolition of the slave trade.
"The Journal of Negro History, Volume 7, 1922" by Various
The North has taken the business of abolition into its own hands, and from the day she did so, we hear no more of abolition in Virginia.
"A Report of the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention" by Lucius Eugene Chittenden
For the convention to take direct action for the abolition of slavery was beyond the possibilities of the case.
"The Negro and the Nation" by George S. Merriam
He hoped that the abolition of "the abominable monopolies" would have some effect.
"William Pitt and the Great War" by John Holland Rose
The abolition of the grog ration in 1862 may be looked upon as a chronological farewell to a picturesque past.
"From Sail to Steam, Recollections of Naval Life" by Captain A. T. Mahan
Pitt defeated efforts for parliamentary reform and grew cold to the cause of the abolition of the slave trade.
"The Political History of England - Vol. X." by William Hunt
Francis Place was the wire-puller, to whose energy was due the abolition of the Conspiracy Laws in 1824.
"The English Utilitarians, Volume II (of 3)" by Leslie Stephen
Montesarchio rode to the market-place provided with a written promise of the Viceroy's touching the abolition of the taxes.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 11" by Various
Mr. Henson lives after the abolition of Slavery, and as he clings to his Bible as God's Word he reads into it the morality of a later age.
"Flowers of Freethought" by George W. Foote
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In poetry:

Then hold on, brethren of the South—
They tell me Abolition 's dying:
This cry 's in almost ev'ry mouth,
Unless you think the rascal 's lying.
"The Slave-Holder’s Apology" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
It says, old Abraham held slaves,
And Paul sent back Onesimus:
Those patr'archs would spring from their graves
To hear the prate of Abolition'sts!
"The Slave-Holder’s Apology" by Benjamin Cutler Clark
Therefore, brothers and sisters, pause and think,
And try to abolish the foul fiend, Drink.
Let such doctrine be taught in church and school,
That the abolition of strong drink is the only Home Rule.
"The Demon Drink" by William Topaz McGonagall
And when, thou abolition star,
Who preachest freedom, in all weathers,
Thou hast got on a coat of tar,
And, over that, a cloak of feathers,
That thou art 'fixed' shall none deny,
If there's a fixed star in the sky.
"Slaveholder's Address To The North Star" by John Pierpont
The man that gets drunk is little else than a fool,
And is in the habit, no doubt, of advocating for Home Rule;
But the best Home Rule for him, as far as I can understand,
Is the abolition of strong drink from the land.
"The Demon Drink" by William Topaz McGonagall
Thou art an abolition star,
And to my wench wilt be of use, if her
Dark eye should find thee, ere the car
Of our true old slave-catcher, 'Lucifer,
Star of the morning,' upward rolls,
And, with its light, puts out the pole's.
"Slaveholder's Address To The North Star" by John Pierpont

In news:

Your handy guide to understanding abolition of the Jackson County Road Commission.
More than two-thirds of state voters – 68 percent – favor keeping the death penalty, the poll found, with 27 percent favoring abolition and 5 percent expressing no opinion.
Tyler Wigg -Stevenson is founding director of the Two Futures Project, a Christian movement for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
Starring Daniel Day-Lewis as Abraham Lincoln, the movie is based upon the book Team of Rivals, and it centers on the contentious debate over the Constitutional abolition of slavery.
Abraham Lincoln's Journey to Emancipation "Forever Free" is a traveling exhibition that reexamines President Lincoln's efforts toward the abolition of slavery during the Civil War.
Some management mavens have questioned the utility of performance appraisals, calling for their abolition.
Join us for a conversation with scholar activist Beth Richie and a panel of national and local activists working to end violence against women and prison abolition as a feminist issue.
KACO Supports Abolition of Constable Office.
A former death row warden will give the keynote address at the 2012 Abolition Conference in Olathe this weekend.
Abraham Lincoln's Journey to Emancipation "Forever Free" is a traveling exhibition that reexamines President Lincoln's efforts toward the abolition of slavery during the Civil War.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT Prop 34's narrow loss a big step toward abolition of execution.
David Garland discusses why capital punishment continues in dozens of American states despite the abolition of the death penalty elsewhere in the Western world.
The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations.
America's Death Penalty in an Age of Abolition.
Police Chief Tom Fabiano expressed sadness at Mayor Brian Gilbride's consideration of his department's abolition.
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In science:

In, Menczer supports the abolition of conference proceedings altogether and submissions should instead go to journals, which would receive more and more better ones.
Development of Computer Science Disciplines - A Social Network Analysis Approach
Experiments on the HCT116 human colorectal cancer cells (one of the cell lines in Vassilev et al’s experiment) show that the p53 levels are enhanced with abolition of the p21 gene expression (Javelaud and Besançon 2000).
The p53-MDM2 network: from oscillations to apoptosis
This argues for the reinstatement of P and the abolition of Q.
Rational term structure models with geometric Levy martingales
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