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abate

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • v abate become less in amount or intensity "The storm abated","The rain let up after a few hours"
    • v abate make less active or intense
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Abate ȧ*bāt" Abatement.
    • Abate To be defeated, or come to naught; to fall through; to fail; as, a writ abates .
    • Abate To beat down; to overthrow. "The King of Scots . . . sore abated the walls."
    • Abate To blunt. "To abate the edge of envy."
    • Abate To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope. "His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated ."
    • Abate (Law) To bring entirely down or put an end to; to do away with; as, to abate a nuisance, to abate a writ.
    • Abate To decrease, or become less in strength or violence; as, pain abates, a storm abates . "The fury of Glengarry . . . rapidly abated ."
    • Abate To deduct; to omit; as, to abate something from a price. "Nine thousand parishes, abating the odd hundreds."
    • Abate (Law) To diminish; to reduce. Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
    • Abate To reduce in estimation; to deprive. "She hath abated me of half my train."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • abate To beat down; pull or batter down.
    • abate To deduct; subtract; withdraw from consideration.
    • abate To lessen; diminish; moderate: as, to abate a demand or a tax.
    • abate To deject; depress.
    • abate To deprive; curtail.
    • abate To deprive of; take away from.
    • abate In law: To cause to fail; extinguish: as, a cause of action for damages for a personal tort is abated by the death of either party.
    • abate To suspend or stop the progress of: as, where the cause of action survives the death of a party, the action may be abated until an executor or administrator can be appointed and substituted.
    • abate To reduce: as, a legacy is abated if the assets, after satisfying the debts, are not sufficient to pay it in full.
    • abate To destroy or remove; put an end to (a nuisance). A nuisance may be abated either by a public officer pursuant to the judgment of a court, or by an aggrieved person exercising his common-law right.
    • abate In metallurgy, to reduce to a lower temper.
    • abate To steep in an alkaline solution: usually shortened to bate. See bate.
    • abate To decrease or become less in strength or violence: as, pain abates; the storm has abated.
    • abate In law: To fail; come to a premature end; stop progress or diminish: as, an action or cause of action may abate by the death or marriage of a party. To enter into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, and before the heir or devisee takes possession. Blackstone.
    • abate In the manège, to perform well a downward motion. A horse is said to abate, or take down his curvets, when, working upon curvets, he puts both his hind feet to the ground at once, and observes the same exactness of time in all the motions.
    • abate In falconry, to flutter; beat with the wings. See bate. Synonyms To Abate, Subside, Intermit, decrease, decline, diminish, lessen, wane, ebb, fall away, moderate, calm. Abate, to diminish in force or intensity: as, the storm abated; “my wonder abated,” Addison. Subside, to cease from agitation or commotion; become less in quantity or amount: as, the waves subside; the excitement of the people subsided. Abate is not so complete in its effect as subside. Intermit, to abate, subside, or cease for a time.
    • n abate Abatement or decrease.
    • n abate See abbate.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • v.t Abate a-bāt′ to lessen: to deduct (with of): to mitigate:
    • v.i Abate to grow less
    • v.t Abate a-bāt′ (law) to put an end to, do away with, as of an action or a nuisance, to render null, as a writ
    • ***

Quotations

  • Joseph Addison
    Joseph%20Addison
    “Friendship improves happiness, and abates misery, by doubling our joys, and dividing our grief.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OF. abatre, to beat down, F. abattre, LL. abatere,; ab, or ad, + batere, battere,popular form for L. batuere, to beat). Cf. Bate Batter
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
O. Fr. abatre, to beat down—L. ab, from, and batĕre, popular form of batuĕre, to beat: conn. with Beat.

Usage

In literature:

Night once more approached, but no sign appeared of the gale abating.
"The Voyages of the Ranger and Crusader" by W.H.G. Kingston
The best bower was let go; the topmasts were struck; and it was hoped that the ship might hold on till the gale abated.
"The Three Midshipmen" by W.H.G. Kingston
The medicine acted only as a diuretic; the pain and swelling of the limb gradually abated; and I have not heard of any return.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
Next day it abated, and the ice to the northward looked open.
"Stray Leaves from an Arctic Journal;" by Sherard Osborn
The fire abated, the burning piles subsided, and an hour later only ashes remained, making round, black marks on the plain.
"Bouvard and Pécuchet" by Gustave Flaubert
By the beginning of 1588 the immediate fear of attack had abated.
"Sir Walter Ralegh" by William Stebbing
Yet the men felt no abatement of zeal.
"The Border Watch" by Joseph A. Altsheler
All food should be withheld as far as practicable and not starve, until the symptoms abate.
"An Epitome of Homeopathic Healing Art" by B. L. Hill
Perhaps the visions began to abate at Jerusalem.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 03" by Various
At length the lady rose and requested him to see if the storm had sufficiently abated for the coach to continue its journey.
"A German Pompadour" by Marie Hay
In that ceremony his pride was touched and his enthusiasm was abated.
"Washington and the American Republic, Vol. 3." by Benson J. Lossing
When the storm abated and the weather cleared, the ships steered towards the ice.
"Thrilling Narratives of Mutiny, Murder and Piracy" by Anonymous
Also, an abatement in the violence of surf.
"The Sailor's Word-Book" by William Henry Smyth
Towards midnight the storm abated a little, and, giving way to fatigue, I fell asleep.
"Adventures of a Young Naturalist" by Lucien Biart
By means of a conciliatory attitude he hoped to induce them to abate some of their demands.
"The 'Patriotes' of '37" by Alfred D. Decelles
By the afternoon the force of the wind had greatly abated, and although a heavy sea still ran, the motion of the vessel was perceptibly easier.
"Out on the Pampas" by G. A. Henty
After the acute symptoms have abated, iodid of potassium may be given, in doses of 2 drams each, three times a day for a week.
"Special Report on Diseases of Cattle" by U.S. Department of Agriculture
Without any abatement of the stuffy heat inside our cabins, we ran into a rainy area.
"The Bonadventure" by Edmund Blunden
Yet even in this extremity, though urged on all sides to make concessions, he would abate nothing of his haughty tone.
"History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain." by William H. Prescott
This stimulates the skin and abates the cold.
"Every Man his own Doctor" by R. T. Claridge
***

In poetry:

My hands and head for use are free,
Nor does my own life worry me,
But docile as a spaniel waits
Until this present stress abates.
"The Waiting Life" by Dorothea Mackellar
Ther's nowt can shake ther faith in God,
When bad is growing worse;
An nowt abate ther trust, unless
It chonce to touch ther purse.
"Old Dave To Th' New Parson" by John Hartley
The ten hours' light is abating,
And a late bird flies across,
Where the pines, like waltzers waiting,
Give their black heads a toss.
"At Day-Close In November" by Thomas Hardy
Thou hast begun to set us free,
And made thy fiercest wrath abate;
Now let our hearts be turned to thee,
And thy salvation be complete.
"Psalm 85 part 1" by Isaac Watts
The law will not abate a mite,
The gospel all the sum will quite:
There God in threat'nings is array'd,
But here in promises display'd.
"The Believer's Principles : Chap. II." by Ralph Erskine
When you come to this time of abatement,
To this passing from Summer to Fall,
It is manners to issue a statement
As to what you got out of it all.
"The Little Old Lady In Lavender Silk" by Dorothy Parker

In news:

Portland city Commissioner Nick Fish, who oversees housing, created a "Big Look" effort to review tax abatements.
City commission considers tax abatement changes.
Dover Board of Abatement Notice of Decision D Deerfield Valley Stump Jumpers.
The following recent minutes mention Decisions C Dover Board of Abatement Notice of Decision D Deerfield Valley Stump Jumpers.
This allows for distressed communities to abate personal property taxes on new investments made by eligible businesses.
COLUMBIA — At its third meeting on Wednesday, the Enhanced Enterprise Zone Board focused its attention on the local property tax abatement .
While the Nutter administration moves to reform a property-tax system rife with historic inequities, Laxson has emerged as a harbinger for a new class of victims: the owners of tax- abated properties.
EEZ opponents host tax abatement critic.
Vigilance against Islamic terror abroad, at home, must not abate.
At the end of the legislative session in June, leaders reached a deal to extend and enhance the co-op and condo real property tax abatement, which was due to expire.
Huge Step Taken by Europe's Bank to Abate a Crisis.
00pm in the Lake Point Mosquito Abatement Building on Sunset Road in Lake Point.
The board had drafted a resolution to approve the tax abatement authorized through the state's Keystone Opportunity Zone (KOZ) legislation, but never took a vote on the measure due to no members making a motion for consideration.
The East Bay Municipal Utility District (Oakland, CA) awarded a contract of $6,183,310 to Abhe & Svoboda, Inc of Prior Lake, MN, to perform lead abatement and coatings application on the Mokelumne Aqueducts .
Estimated $66M in abatements and cash grants has sparked further discussion of Dean 's focus on tax breaks More.
***

In science:

We ignore other actions parties might take to abate debris generation, remove objects from the environment, or mitigate the effects of debris (e.g., by increasing spacecraft shielding).
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
The only abatement action we consider in this preliminary analysis is deorbiting.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
These curves, “R insertion” and “Sn insertion” evidence a smaller and no significant peak in damage, respectively, relative to baseline. 4) Benefit from Abatement of Harm: We adopt an average spacecraft value of $500M, in accordance with Bradley and Wein.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
We allocate abatement benefits to nations in accordance with their share of annual launches (Figure 1).
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
The simulation computes global and individual abatement and profit for the null and full coalition (social optimum) outcomes.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
It also computes, for each partial coalition chosen from the power set of all possible coalitions: • Profit and abatement by members, and • Profit by members if they were to leave the coalition.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
For each stable coalition, the simulation computes: • Transfer payments among members (and member profits after transfer), and • Profit and abatement by non-members.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
V. D I SCU S S ION The best partial coalition (the best stable coalition) achieves 46% of the abatement of a full coalition (Figure 6).
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
Figure 9 shows abatement effected by each coalition member in contrast with abatement costs borne by each member.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
As can be seen in Figures 10 and 11, all members of the best partial coalition significantly increase abatement over the levels they would execute in the absence of any coalition.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
Non-members do not reduce their abatement in the presence of the increased abatement by the coalition.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
The independence of abatement behavior by non-members in our nearly linear case is consistent with prior explorations of linear benefit function.
Model of an International Environmental Agreement among Asymmetric Nations applied to Debris Mitigation
In other words, the image of Ψ corresponds to those functional whose kernel are equal to µ(W.imAt ) for some W ∈ Gr1 (imAt ), equivalently, the image of Ψ corresponds to multi-matrixes ABAt ∈ V.
Irreducibility of G-varieties defined by quadrics
B. Helbo, A. Kristensen and A. Menon, J. Micromech. Microeng., 2003, 13, 307. 12 W. Song, A. E. Vasdekis, Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2004, 94, 051117. 13 S. K. Y. Tang, Z. Li, A. R. Abate, J. J. Agresti, D. A.
Optofluidic random laser
ABT09] Marco Abate, Filippo Bracci, and Francesca Tovena, Embeddings of submanifolds and normal bund les, Adv.
Three-dimensional counter-examples to the Nash problem
***