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Socinianism

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Socinianism (Eccl. Hist) The tenets or doctrines of Faustus Socinus, an Italian theologian of the sixteenth century, who denied the Trinity, the deity of Christ, the personality of the Devil, the native and total depravity of man, the vicarious atonement, and the eternity of future punishment. His theory was, that Christ was a man divinely commissioned, who had no existence before he was conceived by the Virgin Mary; that human sin was the imitation of Adam's sin, and that human salvation was the imitation and adoption of Christ's virtue; that the Bible was to be interpreted by human reason; and that its language was metaphorical, and not to be taken literally.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n socinianism The doctrines of the Italian theologians Lælius Socinus (1525–62) and Faustus Socinus (1539–1604) and their followers. The term is in theological usage a general one, and includes a considerable variety of opinion. The Socinians believe that Christ was a man, miraculously conceived and divinely endowed, and thus entitled to honor and reverence, but not to divine worship; that the object of his death was to perfect and complete his example and to prepare the way for his resurrection, the necessary historical basis of Christianity; that baptism is a declarative rite merely, and the Lord's Supper merely commemorative; that divine grace is general and exerted through the means of grace, not special and personally efficacious; that the Holy Spirit is not a distinct person, but the divine energy; that the authority of Scripture is subordinate to that of the reason; that the soul is pure by nature, though contaminated by evil example and teaching from a very early age; and that salvation consists in accepting Christ's teaching and following his example. The Socinians thus occupy theologically a midway position between the Arians, who maintain the divinity of Jesus Christ, but deny that he is co-equal with the Father, and the Humanitarians, who deny his supernatural character altogether.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Socinianism the doctrines of Socinus
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Usage

In literature:

I have heard her condemn Socinianism, Calvinism, and many other 'isms' inconsistent with Church of Englandism.
"The Life of Charlotte Bronte - Volume 1" by Elizabeth Gaskell
He was an Arian, a Socinian, a Deist, an Atheist.
"The History of England from the Accession of James II." by Thomas Babington Macaulay
The literature of those great men was, if I may suffer myself the figure, the Socinian graft of a Calvinist stock.
"Literary Friends And Acquaintances" by William Dean Howells
For example, about the Resurrection, how many scruples and objections have been raised by Socinians and others?
"A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge" by George Berkeley
He was even suspected of Socinianism.
"The Life of John of Barneveld, 1609-15, Volume I." by John Lothrop Motley
Priestley's Socinian shield has repeatedly been pierced by the mighty spear of Horsley.
"Life Of Johnson, Volume 4 (of 6)" by Boswell
He snatched Biddle, the Socinian, from the fangs of persecutors.
"Beacon Lights of History, Volume VIII" by John Lord
I mean the Socinians.
"A History of Freedom of Thought" by John Bagnell Bury
The Catholic religion predominates, but the number of Jews and Socinians is great.
"The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, No. 486" by Various
Beard (John R.) on Socinian boast, 483.
"Notes & Queries, Volume 2, May-December, 1850, Index" by Various
They said it contained the venom of Socinianism.
"The Life of the Truly Eminent and Learned Hugo Grotius" by Jean Lévesque de Burigny
On the other hand, many were called Socinians who really believed far less than Socinus and the foreign Socinians did.
"The English Church in the Eighteenth Century" by Charles J. Abbey and John H. Overton
This is the opinion of the Socinians.
"Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary" by Voltaire
Some few were Arian, some were Socinian, and some quite Latitudinarian.
"Modern Skepticism: A Journey Through the Land of Doubt and Back Again" by Joseph Barker
These assumptions brought upon Roell the charge that he was a Socinian and an Arminian.
"History of Rationalism Embracing a Survey of the Present State of Protestant Theology" by John F. Hurst
While an apprentice, a controversy with a Socinian led him to study Greek, that he might read the New Testament in the original.
"Sketches of Reforms and Reformers, of Great Britain and Ireland" by Henry B. Stanton
Voltaire tells in many amusing letters of the spread of Socinian heresy in the city of Calvin.
"The Evolution of States" by J. M. Robertson
He created out of these jarring elements the Socinian Church.
"A History of the Reformation (Vol. 2 of 2)" by Thomas M. Lindsay
In his lectures on the Greek Testament he is said to have expressed Socinian views.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 15, Slice 3" by Various
I have never met with a Socinian who wished me to embrace his faith, which has surprised me.
"The Life and Labours of the Rev. Samuel Marsden" by Samuel Marsden
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