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Scirpus

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Scirpus rhizomatous perennial grasslike herbs
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n scirpus A genus of monocotyledonous plants including the bulrushes, type of the tribe Scirpeæ in the order Cyperaceæ. It is characterized by small many-flowered roundish spikelets with imbricated and numerous glumes, each flower bisexual and usually with six bristles, representing a perianth, and surrounding the ovary, from which the continuous and slender style falls away without leaving any conspicuous tubercle. Over 300 species have been described, now reduced to 200 by the best authorities. About 30 species occur in the United States. They are small tufted or floating annuals, or strong perennials with a creeping rootstock, bearing usually a compound panicle of numerous brown spikelets, sometimes reduced to a small cluster or solitary. They are known by the general names bulrush and clubrush, the first applied especially to S. lacustris, a species of peculiar habit, with tall, smooth, round stems of a blue-green color projecting out of lake- and river-waters; also called in England matrush, from its use in making mats, ropes, chair-bottoms, and hassocks. Its variety occidentalis and the kindred species S. Tatora are the tule of California. (See tule.) S. maritimus, the sea club-rush, with a dense compact cluster of large spreading spikelets, each often over an inch long, is a characteristic feature of sea-shore marshes in both tropical and temperate climates throughout the world. (For S. cæspitosus, see deer-hair.) Several species of Eriophorum were formerly referred here, as E. cyperinum, the most conspicuous of American rushes in fresh-water swamps, and known as wool-grass and cotton-grass.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Scirpus sir′pus a genus of monocotyledonous plants, including the bulrushes.
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Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
L., a rush.

Usage

In literature:

In the water Scirpus, Cyperaceus, Charae two species, Potomogeton two species, Valisnaria, Typha.
"Journals of Travels in Assam, Burma, Bhootan, Afghanistan and TheNeighbouring Countries" by William Griffith
Scirpus-sedge or orchid, all was the same to them.
"Edge of the Jungle" by William Beebe
The family includes several genera of importance; viz., Scirpus, Cyperus, and Fimbristylis.
"Philippine Mats" by Hugo H. Miller
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