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Romanesque

Definitions

  • Norman Romanesque Architecture
    Norman Romanesque Architecture
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Romanesque a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles after 1000 AD; characterized by round arches and vaults and by the substitution of piers for columns and profuse ornament and arcades
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Romanesque Of or pertaining to romance or fable; fanciful.
    • n Romanesque Romanesque style.
    • Romanesque (Arch) Somewhat resembling the Roman; -- applied sometimes to the debased style of the later Roman empire, but esp. to the more developed architecture prevailing from the 8th century to the 12th.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • Romanesque Roman or Romance. Specifically, in art: Belonging to or designating the early medieval style of art and ornament developed in western Europe from those of the later Roman empire.
    • Romanesque Hence— Same as romantic, 5.
    • Romanesque Noting the dialect of Languedoc. See II., 2.—
    • Romanesque [lowercase] Pertaining to romance; romantic. [A Gallicism.]
    • Romanesque the late, fully developed Romanesque of the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which comprises the advanced and differentiated Lombard, Rhenish, Saxon, Norman, and Burgundian styles. The latter division, while retaining the semicircular arch and other characteristic features of Roman architecture, is in every sense an original style of great richness and dignity, always inferior, however, to the succeeding Pointed style in the less perfect stability of its round arch and vault, the greater heaviness and less organic quality of its structure (the Romanesque architect, like the old Roman, still trusting for stability rather to the massiveness of his walls than, like his succcessor in the thirteenth century, to the scientific combination of a skeleton framework of masonry), the inferior flexibility of its design, and the archaic character of its figure-sculpture, of which much, however, is admirable in the best examples, particularly in France. See medieval architecture (under medieval), and compare cuts under Norman, Rhenish, and modillion.
    • n Romanesque The early medieval style of architecture and ornament founded in the West upon those of the later Roman empire, and the varieties into which it is subdivided, known as Lombard, Norman, Rhenish, etc. See I.
    • n Romanesque The common dialect of Languedoc and some other districts in the south of France.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Romanesque rō-man-esk′ that which pertains to romance:
    • n Romanesque rō-man-esk′ (archit.) the style of round-arched and vaulted architecture which succeeded Roman architecture, from about the time of Constantine (c. 350 A.D.) till it was gradually superseded by Gothic in the 12th century: the dialect of Languedoc.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. romanesque,; cf. It. romanesco,
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Fr.,—Sp. Romanesco—L. Romanicus.

Usage

In literature:

The division of Western Mediaeval Architecture into the two schools of Romanesque and Gothic presents a parallel case.
"Byzantine Churches in Constantinople" by Alexander Van Millingen
But to return north to Entre Minho-e-Douro, where the oldest and most numerous romanesque churches exist and where three types may be seen.
"Portuguese Architecture" by Walter Crum Watson
Staunton Lacey Church, containing Romanesque work, and supposed to be older than the Conquest, is also near Ludlow.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
In the transition type Romanesque influences were evidently dying hard.
"The Cathedrals of Northern France" by Francis Miltoun
Bock calls the style of these works Romanesque; and he thinks that they show a Saracenic influence.
"Needlework As Art" by Marian Alford
The columns are antique; that on the south has also a Corinthian cap, but the base is Romanesque.
"The Shores of the Adriatic" by F. Hamilton Jackson
B, Romanesque: Architecture of the Round Arch.
"The Stones of Venice, Volume II (of 3)," by John Ruskin
The oldest of its churches, St Mexme, is in the Romanesque style, but only the facade and nave are left.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 2" by Various
Near it is the Romanesque church of S. Carpoforo.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 7" by Various
In Romanesque work it was plain and flat, and projected over the wall with a throating to form a drip.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 3" by Various
There are several other Romanesque and Gothic churches in the town more or less restored.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 4" by Various
The finest building is the cathedral, in the Lombard Romanesque style, begun in 1107 and consecrated in 1190.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6" by Various
His first play, "Les Romanesques," was staged in 1894.
"The Complete Club Book for Women" by Caroline French Benton
Then through the wide Romanesque arch of the audience chamber Valentine Osorio entered, as a queen comes into a throne room.
"The White Plumes of Navarre" by Samuel Rutherford Crockett
The Romanesque church in front of the line of dunes.
"Romanesque Art in Southern Manche: Album" by Marie Lebert
Surgeres and Aulnay possess fine specimens of the numerous Romanesque churches.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 5, Slice 7" by Various
This church, the finest in Transylvania, is a Gothic edifice with traces of Romanesque influence, and was built in 1385-1425.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 4" by Various
Here Romanesque art seems to have been introduced into Spain through France.
"Glories of Spain" by Charles W. Wood
The Norman capital differed to some extent from the Romanesque capitals of other parts of Europe.
"Architecture" by Thomas Roger Smith
He introduced into Germany the Byzantine and Romanesque styles.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 2" by Various
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In news:

The 1929 Williamsburgh Savings Bank features a 63-foot-high Art Deco and Neo-Romanesque main banking hall.
Now spacious loft apartments in cast-iron and Romanesque Revival buildings line the street.
Jewel of the Romanesque Revival.
Former Richardson Romanesque hotel now houses books, not beds.
The demolition of Glad Tidings Tabernacle Church on West 33rd Street, a Romanesque Revival building completed in 1868, has been happening quietly for a few months, under the cover of scaffolding.
He himself was baptized in the Romanesque stone church and attended mass here as a boy.
A helicopter-mounted camera provides dazzling views of Romanesque cities, lavendar fields, hilltop towns, bustling fishing ports, summer resorts, vast vineyards, picturesque churches and chateaus.
Dedicated in 1888 and housed in a stunning Romanesque Revival building, the Slater 's local collection represents 300 years of Norwich history.
Arguably Santa Fe's most photographed building, this ornate Romanesque cathedral stands in grandiose contrast to much of the city's traditional Pueblo Revival architecture.
THE classical Vienna of music, coffeehouses and monumental Romanesque architecture is also, surprisingly, the Vienna of trolleys .
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In science:

Tranouez 1984] Tranouez, Pierre (1984) Fascination et narration dans l’œuvre romanesque de Barbey d’Aurevil ly.
Different goals in multiscale simulations and how to reach them
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