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Reptilia

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Reptilia class of cold-blooded air-breathing vertebrates with completely ossified skeleton and a body usually covered with scales or horny plates; once the dominant land animals
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Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n. pl Reptilia (Zoöl) A class of air-breathing oviparous vertebrates, usually covered with scales or bony plates. The heart generally has two auricles and one ventricle. The development of the young is the same as that of birds.☞ It is nearly related in many respects to Aves, or birds. The principal existing orders are Testidunata or Cheloniaturtles), Crocodilia Lacertillalizards), Ophidiaserpents), and Rhynchocephala; the chief extinct orders are Dinosauria Theremorpha Mosasauria Pterosauria Plesiosauria Ichtyosauria.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • reptilia In zoology:
    • reptilia (a ) In Linnæus's system of classification (1766), the first order of the third class Amphibia, including turtles, lizards, and frogs. See Amphibia, 2 .
    • reptilia A class of cold-blooded oviparous or ovoviviparous vertebrated animals whose skin is covered with scales or scutes; the reptiles proper. There are two pairs or one pair of limbs, or none. The skull is monocondylian. The mandible articulates with the skull by a free or fixed quadrate bone. The heart has two auricles, generally not two completed ventricles; the ventricle gives rise to two arterial trunks, and the venous and arterial circulation are more or less mixed. Respiration is pulmonary, never branchial. No diaphragm is completed. There is a common cloaca of the digestive and urogenital systems, and usually two penes, sometimes one, seldom none. There are an amnion and an allantois. Reptilia thus defined were formerly associated with batrachians in a class Amphibia; but they are more nearly related to birds, and when brigaded therewith form their part of a superclass Sauropsida. The only living representatives of Reptilia are turtles or tortoises, crocodiles or alligators, lizards or Baurians, and snakes or serpents, respectively constituting the four orders Chclonia, Crocodilia. Lacertilia, and Ophidia; and one living lizard, known as Hatteria, Sphenodon, or Rhynchocephalus, forming by itself an order Rhyuchocephalia. In former times there were other orders of strange and huge reptiles, as the Ichthyopterygia or Ichthyosauria, the ichthyosaurs; Anomodontia; Dinosauria, by some ranked as a subclass and divided into several orders; Ornithosauria or Pterosauria, the pterodactyls; and Plesiosauria or Sauropterygia, the plesiosaurs. See the technical names, and cuts under Crocodilia, Ichthyosauria, Ornithoscelida, Plesiosaurus, Pleurospondylia, pterodactyl, and Python.
    • n reptilia Latin plural of reptilium.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
NL

Usage

In literature:

Something has been done to punish procurers and such like reptilia who do not count in politics.
"Fighting the Traffic in Young Girls" by Various
This power is widely prevalent in fish, and also occurs in Amphibia and Reptilia (the chameleon affording a well-known example).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 6" by Various
Guenther, Biologia Centrali-Americana, Reptilia and Batrachia, p. 265, June 1901.
"The Systematics of the Frogs of the Hyla Rubra Group in Middle America" by Juan R. León
In Reptilia it lies close to the trachea, and in the Chelonia and Crocodilia is paired.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 8" by Various
In the Reptilia the internal ear passes through a great range of development.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 9" by Various
The wrist bones in the reptilia usually consist of two rows.
"Dragons of the Air" by H. G. Seeley
In Reptilia the eye is spherical and its anterior part is often protected by bony plates in the sclerotic (Lacertilia and Chelonia).
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 10, Slice 1" by Various
There are no vomerine, palatine, or pterygoid teeth, such as are met with in Amphibia and Reptilia.
"The Cambridge Natural History, Vol X., Mammalia" by Frank Evers Beddard
The Amphibians are not separated from the Reptilia.
"British Quarterly Review, American Edition, Volume LIV" by Various
The Reptilia, Aves, and Mammalia have usually been distinguished from other vertebrates by the possession of a well-developed allantois and amnion.
"The Works of Francis Maitland Balfour, Volume 1" by Francis Maitland Balfour
CLASS REPTILIA: THE SNAKES, LIZARDS, TURTLES, CROCODILES, ETC.
"Elementary Zoology, Second Edition" by Vernon L. Kellogg
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In news:

Reptilia The Strokes Listen Live.
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