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Priorly

Definitions

  • Prior's Gate: Rochester
    Prior's Gate: Rochester
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • adv Priorly Previously.
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Wrought-iron horseshoes and currycombs used prior to 1650 Wrought-iron horseshoes and currycombs used prior to 1650

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: Prior to 1907, when the United States started mass production of asphalt from crude oil, the roads were paved from asphalt bought from Trinidad, which had a pitch lake that was the world’s first large commercial source of natural asphalt.
    • priorly Antecedently.
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ralph Waldo Emerson
    Ralph%20Waldo%20Emerson
    “Fate is nothing but the deeds committed in a prior state of existence.”
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein
    Ludwig%20Wittgenstein
    “The logic of the world is prior to all truth and falsehood.”
  • Woody Allen
    Woody%20Allen
    “Capital punishment would be more effective as a preventive measure if it were administered prior to the crime.”

Usage

In literature:

They found the prior sitting well back in his ebony chair and in meditation, his chin buried in his hand.
"Little Novels of Italy" by Maurice Henry Hewlett
Until 1198 the bishops appointed the priors, but afterwards they were elected by the monks.
"Bell's Cathedrals: The Cathedral Church of Ely" by W. D. Sweeting
When I got back to school, I was welcomed by all the boys, especially by Blount and by John Prior, one of the oldest and most steady of them.
"Mark Seaworth" by William H.G. Kingston
Psaltar for Prior Roger.
"Bibliomania in the Middle Ages" by Frederick Somner Merryweather
In Parliament he took precedence of all priors, and he, his sub-prior, and canons formed the cathedral chapter.
"Scottish Cathedrals and Abbeys" by Dugald Butler and Herbert Story
At these words the Cardinall was angry, and said to the Sub-Prior, Long agoe we knew what you were.
"The Works of John Knox, Vol. 1 (of 6)" by John Knox
In the place of Prior Oswald, Father Bede was made Prior.
"A Child's Book of Saints" by William Canton
The Prior of this little monastery had certain privileges.
"Devon, Its Moorlands, Streams and Coasts" by Rosalind Northcote
Prior, then Assistant Master at Eton, and his wife.
"Mary Wollstonecraft" by Elizabeth Robins Pennell
The beauties of the shrine were pointed out by the prior, who named the giver of the several jewels.
"The Cathedral Church of Canterbury [2nd ed.]." by Hartley Withers
A proven error in the trick score may be corrected prior to the conclusion of the game in which it occurred.
"Auction of To-day" by Milton C. Work
The Prior softly repeated a text of Scripture.
"A Forgotten Hero" by Emily Sarah Holt
Entrance to Prior Crawdon's Chapel.
"England, Picturesque and Descriptive" by Joel Cook
Prior to that time it had been licensed in the State, and its establishments were openly conducted in practically all communities.
"The History of Woman Suffrage, Volume IV" by Various
For some years prior to his connection with the See of Seville he had served in the royal household at Madrid.
"Carmen Ariza" by Charles Francis Stocking
In 1626 he became prior of Bacoag, and later was the first prior of Iguaquet.
"The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898, Volume XXXVI, 1649–1666" by Various
And they determined to elect a body of stalwart Priors.
"Villani's Chronicle" by Giovanni Villani
The state as form is prior to the family as matter, and in the same way the family is prior to the individual.
"A Critical History of Greek Philosophy" by W. T. Stace
My uncle, the Prior, will teach you.
"The Firebrand" by S. R. Crockett
The practice of publishing poetry by subscription at a very high price, which Dryden had found lucrative, was followed by Prior and Pope.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Slice 2" by Various
***

In poetry:

PRIOR.
I thank the Saints that this has come betimes.
Thou shalt renounce thy hate. Vengeance is mine,
The Lord hath said.
"The Dance To Death. Act III" by Emma Lazarus
Dan Prior's mice, I own it,
Were vermin of condition;
But this rat, who merely learn'd
What rats alone concern'd,
Was the greater politician.
"The Rape of the Trap. A Ballad" by William Shenstone
Show me the order of the world,
the hard-edge light of this-is-so
prior to all experience
and common to both world and thought,
no model, but the truth itself.
""Thought is Surrounded" by Gwen Harwood
PRIOR.
Praise be to God that thou hast come to-day.
To-morrow were too late. Hast thou not heard
Frederick sends Schnetzen unto Nordhausen,
With fire and torture for the Jews?
"The Dance To Death. Act III" by Emma Lazarus
PRIOR.
If her love be true
She will adore her lover's God, embrace
The faith that marries you in life and death.
This promise with the Landgrave would prevail
More than all sobs and pleadings.
"The Dance To Death. Act II" by Emma Lazarus
PRIOR.
O all transforming Time! Can this be he,
The iron warrior of a decade since,
The gallant youth of earlier years, whose pranks
And reckless buoyancy of temper flashed
Clear sunshine through my gloom?
"The Dance To Death. Act III" by Emma Lazarus

In news:

Linebacker Michael Boley had started 39 of the 41 games he'd played in since joining the Giants prior to the 2009 season.
Among the most successful of the for-profit colleges, Bridgepoint Education's revenues soared to $933 million, up from $85 million, in the five years prior to 2011.
The Ravens are hosting the 17th annual Family Food & Funds Drive prior to kickoff of this Sunday's Ravens vs Raiders game.
Luongo, 33, spent five seasons with the Panthers prior to joining the Canucks in a blockbuster deal involving Todd Bertuzzi on June 23, 2006.
Intermodal shipments on major US railroads in the week ending Aug 4 rose 3.3 percent year-over-year but slipped 2.8 percent from prior week, according to the Association of American Railroads.
The Influence of Prior Processes.
In 2007, sales of omega-3 supplements in the United States rose 20% from the prior year to make these pills the fifth best-selling dietary supplement.
Support services manager at Mystic Lake Casino Hotel in Prior Lake, Minn. Offers suggestions on adopting the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL).
Members of the original Broadway cast of Stephen Sondheim's Merrily We Roll Along reunited (with Sondheim, too) at a reception prior to the Feb 14 performance of the current City Center Encores production of that musical.
"Actually, he alerted me," Washington said prior to Saturday's game at Safeco Field.
Legacy Recordings The crypt where Elvis Presley was first laid to rest in 1977 was supposed go up for bid at a memorabilia auction on Saturday, June 23, but the lot was taken off the block prior to the sale.
Here is a second photo to go with the prior article I just submitted.
Dookhan lied about degree, cut corners at prior lab job.
Chris Reinke of York comes out of a turn on the velodrome prior to the beginning of the flying lap time trial.
Prior experience with CQI methods, team facilitation required.
***

In science:

Similarly, we have experimented with replacing the flat prior on M/LJ with a Gaussian prior, the mean and sigma of which is determined from the stellar population synthesis models; see § 8.2.
Hydrostatic Gas Constraints on Supermassive Black Hole Masses: Implications for Hydrostatic Equilibrium and Dynamical Modelling in a Sample of Early-Type Galaxies
Finally, we investigated the effect of our MBH prior by adopting the revised and updated MBH σ∗ relation for early-type galaxies reported by G¨ultekin et al. (2009) as the prior.
Hydrostatic Gas Constraints on Supermassive Black Hole Masses: Implications for Hydrostatic Equilibrium and Dynamical Modelling in a Sample of Early-Type Galaxies
The dashed (red) lines are the probability density function with a flat prior and the dotted (blue) lines are the MBH -σ∗ relation prior itself; both have been arbitrarily scaled for clarity.
Hydrostatic Gas Constraints on Supermassive Black Hole Masses: Implications for Hydrostatic Equilibrium and Dynamical Modelling in a Sample of Early-Type Galaxies
If we call r the prior state and rk the posterior state, we see that the prior state is changed into the posterior state upon acquisition of the data k.
Priors in quantum Bayesian inference
This conclusion, however, depends crucially on the assumption that the prior is of the form (5), i.e., that the prior is exchangeable.
Priors in quantum Bayesian inference
An exponential prior is used for τ with scale length 1 Gyr, and we use an extinction prior that is uniform in log[τV ].
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
We accurately recover the stellar mass estimates (Figure 12) when the same priors as Bundy et al. (2005) are used (i.e., implicit discrete priors on the metallicity and reddening) or when uniform priors bounded by the extrema of the Bundy et al. (2005) priors are used.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
For these data and priors, the discrete and uniform priors lead to the same most likely value for the stellar mass; however, the uniform priors provide more accurate estimates of parameter uncertainties and covariances.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
The metallicity constraint with just V and I photometry is weak and tends to reproduce the prior, whereas the addition of H-band data (Figure 14) narrows the inference and slightly shifts the distribution from the peak of the prior.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
Effects of Priors We have seen in Section 5 that the choice of priors can noticeably affect the inferred stellar mass estimates.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
One could use even more constraining priors (by using the correlation between velocity dispersion and t suggested by Thomas et al. 2005, for example); however, we now investigate the affects of using less informative priors.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
However, the strong metallicity prior is particularly important for the systems with only two bands of data, as these systems tend to underestimate the stellar mass by ∼ 0.1 dex without the prior.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
We replace these with uniform priors, from 0.6 Gyr to the age of the Universe for t and from 0.04 Gyr to 5.1 Gyr for τ ; we also use the uninformed prior on the metallicity described above.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
The effect of the metallicity prior is evident, but we also find that removing the priors on the age of the stellar population causes the systems observed in only three bands to also shift.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
The clear effects of the priors underscore the importance of choosing reasonable priors when inferring stellar masses.
The Sloan Lens ACS Survey. IX. Colors, Lensing and Stellar Masses of Early-type Galaxies
***