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  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Polemarch (Gr. Antiq) In Athens, originally, the military commanderin-chief; but, afterward, a civil magistrate who had jurisdiction in respect of strangers and sojourners. In other Grecian cities, a high military and civil officer.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n polemarch A title of several officials in ancient Greek states. At Athens the polemarch was the third archon, who was as late as Marathon the titular military commander-in-chief, and was later a civil magistrate having under his especial care all strangers and temporary sojourners in the city, and all children of parents who had lost their lives in the service of their country.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Polemarch pol′e-mark a title of several officials in ancient Greek states.
    • ***


Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Gr. ; war + leader, from to be first


In literature:

Now that the transactions were concluded, another polemarch was chosen in place of Ismenias, and Leontiades at once set out to Lacedaemon.
"Hellenica" by Xenophon
After the gymnastic exercises the senior polemarch gives the order (by herald) to be seated.
"The Polity of the Athenians and the Lacedaemonians" by Xenophon
The Athenians were represented by Callias and two other envoys; the Thebans by Epaminondas, then one of the polemarchs.
"A Smaller History of Greece" by William Smith
A messenger had come to bid Charon instantly to come to the presence of the two feasting polemarchs.
"Historic Tales, vol 10 (of 15)" by Charles Morris
The Archon, the King, and the Polemarch have each two assessors, nominated by themselves.
"The Athenian Constitution" by Aristotle
The polemarch, who was at any rate titular commander down to about 487 B.C.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 2, Slice 4" by Various