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Platonic

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj platonic free from physical desire "platonic love"
    • adj Platonic of or relating to or characteristic of Plato or his philosophy "Platonic dialogues"
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Platonic A follower of Plato; a Platonist.
    • Platonic Of or pertaining to Plato, or his philosophy, school, or opinions.
    • Platonic Pure, passionless; nonsexual; philosophical.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • Platonic Pertaining to Plato (about 427-347 b. c.), or to his doctrines. Reference to the school of Plato and to his followers is more usually expressed by the adjective Platonistic. Plato wrote in dialogues, which are equally admirable from a literary and from a philosophical point of view. He held that the object of philosophy is beauty; that without a deep sense of ignorance no man can philosophize; that judgments of common sense are open to doubt; that the senses may err, and at best can afford only likelihood (ει\κασια); that experience (δο\ξα), built out of perceptions, though safer, does not know the reasons of phenomena; and that man is the measure of things, not in his experience of particular facts, as Protagoras would have it, but in his knowledge of reasons, which alone is ennobling. Philosophy according to Plato has three blanches—dialectic, physics, and ethics. Dialectic, the art of discussion, proceeds by definition and division. Division should be by dichotomy. He holds strongly to the truth of cognition; the process of mind and the process of nature are one. Neither the Eleatic doctrine that all is One, and the Many mere illusion, nor the Heraclitnn doctrine that there is only a fluid manifold without unity, is the truth; there is a mixed being (μικτη\ ουὀσια): being has an eternal and an evanescent element, and only a compound of these can be an object of science. The one in the Many is the Idea, the active force prescribing regularity (as we should say, the law of nature), which in supercelestial place subsists while individual cases arise and perish. The ideas make up an organism, or living system (ζῷον). They are themselves regulated by an idea of a teleological character, the Good, or ultimate purpose of all things, identical with Reason, the true Being (ο\ντως ο\ν), the One, King of heaven and earth, which, immutable, draws all things toward itself. This Reason is God, who is related to the ideas as a poet to the ideals he has created and intends to embody. That other element which in the actual condition of things in this world has not yet been eliminated so as to leave pure Reason is extended quantity (μικρο\ν) or body (σῶμα), nearly Aristotle's matter (υ\λη). This is the secondary principle (συναιτιον) of the universe. God, the father, implants the seed of the Good in space, the mother, and without his further intervention the Cosmos, the only begotten son of God, made in his likeness, grows up. This is a second blessed god, instinct with Reason. Plato was a political philosopher. He abhorred alike the sway of oligarchy and of democracy, and still more the outcome of the latter, the one-man power—tyranny. He believed in aristocracy supported by an iron socialism. The relations of the sexes should be so regulated as to stop all increase in the population, which should be limited to 5,040 households. Private property and family relations should be abolished. Three classes should be recognized—workmen, soldiers, and lawyers. The education of a lawyer should begin with music, gymnastic, and mathematics. In his thirtieth year (up to which age he should be seen and not heard) he is to begin the study of dialectic. His education should be completed at the age of fifty, when he is to take his share in the government. The above is an outline of the general views of Plato; many of his special opinions are celebrated. He strongly maintains the immortality and previous existence of the soul. The tie which holds body and soul together is music. Virtue is not natural, nor can it be commanded by the will, but it is the result of discipline. The cardinal virtues are wisdom (σοφία), courage (ἀνδρία), prudence (σωφροσ, σ1ύνη), and justice (δικαιοσυνη). The unjust alone prosper; the perfect man would suffer on the cross. Reason resides in the head, desire in the abdomen, prophesy in the liver. Time is an image of eternity; it is produced by circular motions. Nature abhors a vacuum. Like attracts like. The constellations and the earth are living divinities. Plato was a mathematician, and is said to have invented the ancient method of analysis. His thoughts constantly show the influence of mathematical studies, and the desire to import mathematically distinct conceptions into philosophy. Aristotle, who was Plato's scholar, declared that the Platonic ideas were numbers. Plato no doubt attributed active virtues to the ideas of One, Two, Three, and Four.
    • n Platonic A follower of Plato; a Platonist.
    • n Platonic One who loves with a Platonic affection.
    • Platonic Pertaining to the Greek comic poet Plato (about 427-388 b. c.).
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • adj Platonic plā-ton′ik pertaining to Plato, the Greek philosopher (about 427-347 B.C.), or to his philosophical opinions
    • Platonic a follower of Plato
    • ***

Quotations

  • Austin O'Malley
    Austin%20O%27Malley
    “Show me a genuine case of platonic friendship, and I shall show you two old or homely faces.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
L. Platonicus, Gr. : cf. F. platonique,

Usage

In literature:

Marguerite, even, is prepossessed in his favor and has written a platonic poem in his honor.
"Under the Rose" by Frederic Stewart Isham
Rosa Blondelle's whole life lay in these sentimental flirtations and platonic friendships.
"Cruel As The Grave" by Mrs. Emma D. E. N. Southworth
Call it, if you will, Platonic love, and define it to be an exalted friendship.
"The Physical Life of Woman:" by Dr. George H Napheys
In literature and tradition, the idea is originally, I believe, Platonic; certainly not Homeric.
"Our Fathers Have Told Us" by John Ruskin
Munich is identified with a friendship between Overbeck and a lady, which ranks among the most memorable of Platonic attachments.
"Overbeck" by J. Beavington Atkinson
So he next resolved to make a trial of Platonism; and this time he was more successful.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 03" by Various
Then he remembered his role to act the part of a platonic brother and friend.
"Polly's Business Venture" by Lillian Elizabeth Roy
It was, so to say, a "platonic" voyage.
"Celebrated Travels and Travellers" by Jules Verne
In theory Estelle had always stated her belief in platonic friendship, but she had never been inconvenienced by having to carry it out.
"The Dark Tower" by Phyllis Bottome
He was, besides, far too Platonic to try to reconcile such contrary opinions.
"My Recollections of Lord Byron" by Teresa Guiccioli
Figures were given to it at once, completely finished, like the Platonic Ideas.
"Creative Evolution" by Henri Bergson
The staff and wallet are not, it is true, carried by the Platonic philosophers, but are the badges of the Cynic school.
"The Apologia and Florida of Apuleius of Madaura" by Lucius Apuleius
Platonic ideas, 81, 253.
"Essay on the Creative Imagination" by Th. Ribot
The Platonic idea of a tree may exist; how should I deny it?
"The Sense of Beauty" by George Santayana
To the Platonic girl her note-book takes the place of the old-fashioned diary.
"Modern Women and What is Said of Them" by Anonymous
He does not spin out vague wordy platonic rhapsodies upon love-in-general.
"Suspended Judgments" by John Cowper Powys
Is Chauvin's attachment to the French lady of a Platonic nature, Captain Courtier?
"The Orchard of Tears" by Sax Rohmer
He took the Platonic view of poetry as a lying imitation, removed from truth.
"Thoughts on Art and Life" by Leonardo da Vinci
Triads, the Celtic, 190; Platonic, 191.
"The Religious Sentiment" by Daniel G. Brinton
It is analogy which helps us to form these intuitive or platonic ideas.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, v. 13" by Various
***

In poetry:

But now when I sit in the twilight,
Or when I walk by the sea
That friendship, quite Platonic,
Comes surging over me.
"Platonic" by Ella Wheeler Wilcox
And do I sigh or smile to-day?
Dead love or dead ambition, say,
Which mourn we most? Not much we weigh
Platonic friends.
"To E." by Amy Levy
Marooned no more, we sail the sea,
Ere sad gods were, we knew:
And from Platonic prows decree-
"The gods are Me, are You!"
"Dominions Of The Boundary" by Bernard O Dowd
There, too, by yonder moon we swore
Platonic friendship o'er and o'er;
No folk, we deemed, had been before
So wise and free.
"To E." by Amy Levy
There, Shelley dream'd his white Platonic dreams;
There, classic Landor throve on Roman thought;
There, Addison pursued his quiet themes;
There, smiled Erasmus, and there, Colet taught.
"Oxford" by Lionel Pigot Johnson
The fires that chill your life, torment the mind,
Even the enrapt vision gone,
The Platonic fury it has fed upon
Hears love's sigh on every wind,
Looks in an endless urn that now discloses
Embers of joy, ashes of roses.
"Epitaph for a Careless Beauty" by Marya Zaturenska

In news:

These shapes, called the Platonic solids, did not originate with Plato.
A visitor looks at portraits of Iran's President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during the exhibition "faces of power" by Greek photo artist Platon Antoniou, shown at the Photokina 2012 in Cologne, Germany.
"She was in love with him, platonically and politically," says Vydrin, who introduced them in 1996.
If your relationships constantly sway toward the platonic rather than the romantic, then, sorry to say it, but it's probably because of something you're doing.
In 'Friends With Kids,' platonic couple tries out parenthood.
Flirty platonic relationships can be tricky, but can give your marriage an extra boost.
Sandra Bullock's Platonic PDA: Betty White.
Sandra Bullock's Platonic PDA: Meryl Streep.
Sandra Bullock's Platonic PDA: Halle Berry.
Ancient cooking technique still produces the Platonic idea.
A new study suggests that—no matter how platonic you imagine a relationship may be—every man you know but aren't related to is trying to sleep with you.
Politicians employ dense, Platonic turn-of-phrase on regular basis.
This Platonic solid has been an object of fascination for millennia.
The Polo Club Lounge is the Platonic ideal of a hotel bar.
Platon Lebedev is now set to be released in July 2013, 10 years after he and Khodorkovsky were arrested.
***

In science:

We note that, if S is the set of vertices of a Platonic solid, then H is isotropic.
The Computation of All 4R Serial Spherical Wrists With an Isotropic Architecture
The basic sets of isotropic points are thus the sets of vertices of the Platonic solids.
The Computation of All 4R Serial Spherical Wrists With an Isotropic Architecture
We note that, if S is the set of vertices of a Platonic solid, then H is isotropic.
The Computation of All 4R Serial Spherical Wrists With an Isotropic Architecture
Table 1 records the values of n and σ for each Platonic solid.
The Computation of All 4R Serial Spherical Wrists With an Isotropic Architecture
The simplest sets of isotropic points are thus the sets of vertices of the Platonic solids.
The Computation of All 4R Serial Spherical Wrists With an Isotropic Architecture
Another case of great interest is quasi-platonic surfaces, namely πA : S → S/A = P1 is branched over three points.
Cyclic $n$-gonal Surfaces
The constraints due to S being a quasi-platonic surface are not well known at this time other than to mention that the signature of A is quite restricted, and the potential for application to dessins.
Cyclic $n$-gonal Surfaces
We begin with the following theorem that excludes all but the full Platonic symmetry groups as candidates for the symmetry groups of regular polyhedra of index 2.
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
Finally, we refer to for a proof that the rotation subgroups of the Platonic symmetry groups can also not occur as symmetry groups of regular polyhedra P of index 2.
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
Let S be a Platonic solid of type {r, s}, let {v, e, f } be a flag of S, and let T be the triangle whose vertices are v, the center of e, and the center of f .
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
The vertices of a regular polyhedron P of index 2 are located at the vertices of a single Platonic solid, a pair of aligned or opposed Platonic solids, a cuboctahedron, or an icosidodecahedron, in each case sharing the same symmetry group.
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
We suppose, as before, that P is a regular polyhedron of index 2 with vertices coincident with the vertices of a single Platonic solid, a pair of aligned or opposed Platonic solids, a cuboctahedron, or an icosidodecahedron.
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
We noted earlier that if the vertices of P are those of a centrally symmetric Platonic solid then no edge of P can join two opposite vertices, for if so then that edge would subtend at least three faces under the rotational symmetries of the Platonic solid.
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
Since then S is a Platonic 1 )2 ∈ G+ (P ) = G+ (S ), so modulo G+ (P ) it suffices solid and G(P ) = G(S ), we have (σF to describe a face shape by [a, b].
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
Then, by Lemma 4.4 and the analysis preceding it, the vertices of P are located at those of a pair of similar, aligned or opposed, Platonic solids, S and S (cid:5), sharing with P the same symmetry group and in particular the same center, o, and axes of rotation.
Regular Polyhedra of Index Two, I
***