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Photo-engraving

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Photo-engraving The process of obtaining an etched or engraved plate from the photographic image, to be used in printing; also, a picture produced by such a process.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n photo-engraving A common name for many processes by which a photograph may be made to afford a plate-matrix from which can be taken prints in ink corresponding to the original of the photographic image. These processes depend upon the property, possessed by potassium bichromate and analogous chemicals, of rendering insoluble, under the action of light, gelatin or some similar body with which they are compounded. By applications of this property, varying according to the process, a picture or design can be produced on a metal surface, and the blank places etched out with acid; or a matrix in relief can be formed, from which an electrotype plate can be made in ordinary ways. In general, the term photo-engraving is limited to a relief-block or -plate produced by photographic means for printing in an ordinary printing-press, to the art of making such blocks, and to prints from them; while the term photogravure is commonly applied to a photographically engraved plate in intaglio from which prints may be taken in a copperplate-press, to the art of making such an incised plate, and to a print from it. In the Gillet process a zinc plate coated with asphaltum is exposed beneath a negative, and those portions unchanged by light-are dissolved. The zinc is then etched. Photographs are reproduced in the form of half-tone plates for use in the printing-press by several methods, all of which depend upon breaking up the surface of the picture by dark lines in regular series. A gelatin film on which such a series of lines has been photographed is placed between the sensitized surface which is to receive the impression and a positive picture. The resulting print will consist of the subject appearing in half-tone on a ground of lines, and from it a typographical matrix is prepared in the usual ways. (For an example of a half-tone plate, see cut under dekadrachm.) Also called photographic engraving, photographic-process printing, photographic process. See photoetching (Gillet process), and compare heliotypy and photogravure.
    • n photo-engraving A print or plate made by photography and developed by etching for use on a type-printing press.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Photo-engraving fō′tō-en-grā′ving a general term including all the various processes of mechanical engraving by the aid of photography
    • Photo-engraving The term Photog′lyphy is sometimes applied to photo-engraving by one process or other, often limited to photogravure
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Photo-, + engraving,

Usage

In literature:

The quivering green mercury-vapor light of a photo-engraver's loft.
"Babbitt" by Sinclair Lewis
A photo-engraver is now engaged on the work of copying the notes.
"Constance Dunlap" by Arthur B. Reeve
All illustrations will, as far as possible, be produced by relief methods, such as wood-engraving, photo-engraving, etc.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 484, April 11, 1885" by Various
The photo-engraver has been independent of sunlight since the practical development of his art.
"Artificial Light" by M. Luckiesh
III, a photo-engraved copy of which is presented in our Fig.
"Notes on Certain Maya and Mexican Manuscripts" by Cyrus Thomas
Photo-engraving, drawings for, 266, 267.
"Mechanical Drawing Self-Taught" by Joshua Rose
Practically all book illustrations, as well as those in catalogues and periodicals of all kinds, are made by some method of photo-engraving.
"The Building of a Book" by Various
Reproduced by photogravure, wood engraving and photo-engraving processes from the superb edition de luxe, published in Paris in 1885.
"Eden" by Edgar Saltus
AN IMPROVED PROCESS OF PHOTO-ENGRAVING.
"Paper and Printing Recipes" by J. Sawtelle Ford
This, however, is not the etching itself; it is a photo-engraving from the unfinished etching.
"A Treatise on Etching" by Maxime Lalanne
THE GRAMMAR OF PHOTO-ENGRAVING.
"Photogravure" by Henry R. Blaney
From an artistic point of view, photo-engraving possesses equally important features.
"Engraving for Illustration" by Joseph Kirkbride
Faint odors of ink and whiffs from the sterotyping and photo-engraving plants hung in the air.
"The Gray Phantom's Return" by Herman Landon
Illustrated by 52 Photo-Engravings, specially executed by BRAUN, CLEMENT, & CO., of Paris.
"A Classified Catalogue of Works in General Literature Published by Longmans, Green, & Co." by Various
Photo-engraving is a process by means of which photographs may be used in forming plates from which prints in ink can be taken.
"The Progress of Invention in the Nineteenth Century." by Edward W. Byrn
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In poetry:

I can close my eyes for an instant
And draw a scene to my mind,
That seems like a photo-engraving,
As true, as complete, as defined.
"Retrospection" by Jared Barhite

In news:

In this file photo from 1993, she's engraving the Montreal Canadiens names on the Stanley Cup.
Engrave, funny, ipod Category: Photos.
Sheets of freshly made $20 bills lay in stacks at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing in Washington, DC (Photo: Mark Wilson, Getty Images file).
Handpicked collection of personalized gifts available here can be engraved with own message or photo for any occasion and event.
Stacks of dollar bills pass through a machine at the Bureau of Engraving and Printing in this file photo.
Jack Rudegeair places an engraved page plate on a form in this photo from 1972.
The new IDs will feature ghost photos, laser-engraved signatures.
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