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Neutral salt

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Neutral salt (Chem) a salt formed by the complete replacement of the hydrogen in an acid or base; in the former case by a positive or basic, in the latter by a negative or acid, element or radical.
    • Neutral salt (Chem) A salt in which the acid and base (in theory) neutralize each other
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • Neutral salt a salt in which the acid and the base neutralise each other
    • ***

Etymology

Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
A.S. sealt; cf. Ger. salz, also L. sal, Gr. hals.

Usage

In literature:

It is largely salts of radium and its base is Loeb's formula for the neutralization of radium and X-ray burns.
"The Moon Pool" by A. Merritt
If some of the neutral salts containing a volatile acid be present, they will become decomposed.
"A System of Instruction in the Practical Use of the Blowpipe" by Anonymous
If an acid and an alkali are brought in contact, the result will be a neutral salt.
"A Review of Uncle Tom's Cabin" by A. Woodward
We are not dependent upon neutralization for the enormous quantities of salt used in the home and in commerce.
"General Science" by Bertha M. Clark
Discipline might have reduced his daring genius to neutral salts, and taken all that fine audacity from his brush.
"Little Journeys to the Homes of the Great, Volume 4 (of 14)" by Elbert Hubbard
He discovered the transformation of neutral organic salts into carbonates by the process of assimilation.
"Scientific American Supplement, No. 365, December 30, 1882" by Various
Nitrate of silver when swallowed is neutralized by common table salt freely given in solution in water.
"The Handy Cyclopedia of Things Worth Knowing" by Joseph Triemens
He said religion was an 'alterative,' and would neutralize a salt as quick as fire.
"The Two Admirals" by J. Fenimore Cooper
When this base is neutralized with acids there are formed the corresponding salts, known as the ammonium salts.
"An Elementary Study of Chemistry" by William McPherson
What is the salt formed when the lemon juice is neutralized by the KOH solution?
"Human Foods and Their Nutritive Value" by Harry Snyder
This process is patented and the name "Kastilis" has been given to the neutral salt.
"The Handbook of Soap Manufacture" by W. H. Simmons
This will neutralize the acid, forming a salt which may be either brushed or washed off.
"Textiles" by William H. Dooley
By blood-letting, by neutral salts, by chrystals of tartar, squills, and occasional purging, I have succeeded, though imperfectly.
"An Account of the Foxglove and some of its Medical Uses" by William Withering
The very same; but again we must postpone entering into the particulars of this interesting combination, till we treat of the neutral salts.
"Conversations on Chemistry, V. 1-2" by Jane Marcet
Do neutral salts increase the tendency to cough?
"Zoonomia, Vol. II" by Erasmus Darwin
The soda neutralizes the acid, changing it into a kind of salt and plain water.
"Common Science" by Carleton W. Washburne
If, for instance, a neutral salt be acted upon by these, it is divided, as far as is possible, without ceasing to be a neutral salt.
"Elements of Chemistry," by Antoine Lavoisier
The activity of amylase is accelerated by the presence of small quantities of neutral salts, especially by sodium chloride and disodium phosphate.
"The Chemistry of Plant Life" by Roscoe Wilfred Thatcher
United to the mineral alkali, it forms a neutral salt, lately introduced into medicine.
"Heads of Lectures on a Course of Experimental Philosophy: Particularly Including Chemistry" by Joseph Priestley
It should be neutral, colourless, and free from chlorides and other mineral salts.
"Animal Proteins" by Hugh Garner Bennett
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In news:

1 red onion, very thinly sliced as needed, soybean oil or other neutral oil to taste, salt and pepper 2 Tbsp.
3 or 4 ripe tomatoes 2 tablespoons dark sesame oil Salt and pepper 3 tablespoons neutral oil like corn or canola 1 teaspoon minced garlic 1 tablespoon minced ginger 6 eggs 2 teaspoons soy sauce, or to taste 1/4 cup minced scallions, optional.
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In science:

In the simplest one-dimensional problem with parallel-plate, blocking electrodes, over-charging of the double-layer “capacitors” leads to net adsorption of neutral salt from the bulk, regardless of the polarity of the diffuse-layer voltage .
Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages
However, the bulk transport of neutral salt is essentially a diffusion process on the time scale ¯t = ǫt, which is much slower than the ac driving that we consider here, and hence the leading order dynamics are confined to a diffusion layer of O(√ǫ) width around the electrode [1, 52].
Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages
The weakly nonlinear regime in a blocking electrolytic cell generally breaks down at large voltages, when the neutral salt adsorption is by the diffuse layers is strong enough to significantly deplete the quasi-neutral bulk solution in the diffusion layers [1, 52, 53, 54].
Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages
The “strongly nonlinear” regime defined in Ref. is characterized by significant O(1) perturbations to the salt concentration in the quasi-neutral diffusion layers.
Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages
Earlier we argued that when the diffuse layer absorbs neutral salt from a diffusion layer of width pǫ/ω, the variations in ˆcs should scale as √ǫωh ˜wi, which explains why the salt depletion becomes less significant at low frequency.
Strongly nonlinear dynamics of electrolytes in large ac voltages
In 2001, after a phase-I with pure D2O, salt was dissolved into the water to enhance the detection of neutrons from neutral current interactions.
Low Energy Neutrino Measurements
The paradigm is provided by the much studied case of a globular polyion of radius a, placed at the centre of a spherical cavity of radius R determined by the polyion concentration, i.e. R = (3/4πn)1/3, containing counterions and salt which ensure overall charge neutrality.
Effective interactions between electric double-layers
Note that a renormalization of Z also implies a renormalization of κD at low (or vanishing) concentration of added salt, due to the overall charge neutrality requirement.
Effective interactions between electric double-layers
Subsequently, for a year in Phase II, they will run with salt to measure also the neutral-current (NC) crosssection Pi νi + d → p + p + Pi νi .
Summary of Neutrino 2000
PB equation ∇2φ = −µ2e−φ of the salt-free case and is determined from the electro-neutrality condition.
Testing the relevance of effective interaction potentials between highly charged colloids in suspension
The latest results from SNO including the data taken with salt inserted into the detector to boost the efficiency of detecting the neutral current events, strongly favour the large solar mixing angle (LMA) MSW solution, discussed more below.
Neutrino Mass
To mimic the case of low salt concentration, only monovalent counterions were introduced in the box so that the DNA molecule is neutralized.
The ICC* Algorithm: A fast way to include dielectric boundary effects into molecular dynamics simulations
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