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H

Definitions

  • Two men shaking hands form a letter H
    Two men shaking hands form a letter H
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n H (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure "enthalpy is the amount of energy in a system capable of doing mechanical work"
    • n H the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n h the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet
    • n h the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^-34 joule-second
    • n H a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second
    • n H a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: Hal in 2001: Space Oddessy got his name from the Producers of the film. HAL are letters before IBM (H comes before I, A comes before B, and L comes before M)
    • H āch the eighth letter of the English alphabet, is classed among the consonants, and is formed with the mouth organs in the same position as that of the succeeding vowel. It is used with certain consonants to form digraphs representing sounds which are not found in the alphabet; also, to modify the sounds of some other letters, as when placed after c and p, with the former of which it represents a compound sound like that of tsh, as in charmwritten also tch as in catch), with the latter, the sound of f, as in phasephantom. In some words, mostly derived or introduced from foreign languages, h following c and g indicates that those consonants have the hard sound before ei, and y, as in chemistry chiromancy chyle Ghent Ghibelline, etc.; in some others, ch has the sound of sh, as in chicane. See Guide to Pronunciation, §§ 153, 179, 181-3, 237-8.The name (aitch) is from the French ache; its form is from the Latin, and this from the Greek H, which was used as the sign of the spiritus asper (rough breathing) before it came to represent the long vowel, Gr. η. The Greek H is from Phœnician, the ultimate origin probably being Egyptian. Etymologically H is most closely related to c; as in E. horn, L. cornu, Gr. ke`ras; E. hele,v. t., conceal; E. hide, L. cutis, Gr. ky`tos; E. hundred, L. centum, Gr. "e-kat-on, Skr. ata.
    • H (Mus) The seventh degree in the diatonic scale, being used by the Germans for B natural. See B.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: The most common blood type in the world is Type O. The rarest, Type A-H, has been found in less than a dozen people since the type was discovered.
    • h The eighth letter and sixth consonant in the English alphabet. The written character comes, like A, B, etc. (see A), from the Phenician, through the Greek and Latin; and it had the same place in the Phenician and Latin alphabets as in the English, though made seventh in order in the Greek by the later omission of the F-sign. The comparative scheme of the letter-forms is as follows:
    • h The sound belonging to the character in Phenician was that of a rough guttural spirant, nearly like the ch in German, or in Scotch loch (marked in this dictionary ċh). In the Greek alphabet it had at first the kindred but weaker value of our h; and with this value it passed over to Italy, and so continued there; but in Greece it came later to be used as a long ē (down to that time long and short e had been written alike E), the h-sound being indicated by a half H, namely ├, afterward reduced to └ and ‘, which last then retained the h-value, or that of the “rough breathing,” so called, now usually printed’. Our h-sound is called the “aspiration,” as being a near approach to pure unmodified breathing, an audible emission of breath before a vowel or semivowel, made, in every case, in the same position of the mouth-organs as that required by the following sound. That is, the h of ha is made in the mouth-position of a, the utterance in the combination changing only from unintonated to intonated breath; that of he is made in the mouth-position of ee;.and so with ho, and so on. Thus, the h before each different vowel represents a different product, and h signifies a sort of common surd to all the vowels as sonants; and, being dependent always for its special character upon the following sound, it is very suitably written by the Greeks with a subordinate sign prefixed to the vowel. In English the aspiration occurs before all the vowels, and also before the semivowels w and y, as in whit (that is, hwit) and hue (that is, hyu), though in these cases some authorities hold that the w- and y-sounds themselves are not uttered, but only the h-sound, this being what it would be if the semivowel were really pronounced. This view may in part depend upon an actual difference of pronunciation, but is more probably an error of apprehension and analysis; certainly, in our ordinary utterance, whit is to hoo-it precisely as wit is to oo-it. In older English our h-sound was pronounced also before r and l, as in AS. hring, English ring, AS. hrīm, English rime, AS. hrōf, English roof, AS. hlāf, English loaf, AS. hlid, English lid, AS. hliehhan, English laugh, etc.; in other languages it is found also before m and n. The English h in the Teutonic part of the language comes from an original surd guttural, a k, which first became a guttural spirant (= ch in German, or in Scotch loch), and was then further weakened to a mere aspiration. The spirant becomes mere aspiration when its production ceases to be accompanied with a constriction at the top of the throat, causing a rough fricative sound, and so giving a specific character to the utterance. A guttural mute was changed to a spirant also in the interior of many of our words, and was formerly written with h: thus, AS. niht, English night; but it has long been lost in pronunciation, after being written with gh instead of h (the g never pronounced). The aspiration, indeed, being the weakest and least positive of alphabetic sounds, is especially liable to become silent. The Latin initial h was totally silent in the vernacular forms which emerged as Old French and Italian, and in the earliest Old French, as still in Italian, it does not appear in writing. The earliest Old French words, therefore, having original Latin h, were transferred into Middle English without h, as abit, able, eir, onest, onor, onur, oure, ure, etc., through similar Old French forms from Latin habitus, habilis, heres, honestus, honor, hora, etc. In later Old French and Middle English the pedantic habit of imitating the spelling of the original Latin, if known, led to the general restoration of h in these words, a restoration completed in modern French, though the h has remained always unpronounced in French, and, in the oldest and most familiar words, in English. The h now appears in the modern forms of all the above words, and others (except able and arbor, the restored forms hable, harbor, having died out), namely, unpronounced in heir, honest, honor, hour, etc., and pronounced (by conformity to later words) in habit, heretic, etc., while in some, as herb, humble, etc., the pronunciation wavers between the earlier unaspirated form and the later aspirated form. The confusion existing in such cases led to some variation in the spelling of words originally and properly beginning with a vowel, the h, though not pronounced, being often erroneously inserted in writing, as in habandon, habound, habundance, etc., for abandon, abound, abundance, etc. A similar confusion extended to words of Anglo-Saxon or other Teutonic origin, the h being dropped sometimes where it should appear, and, more often, inserted where it should not appear, as hape for ape, his for is, etc. This confusion characterizes the present pronunciation of the London cockney. The habitual omission of h is, however, quite common even in educated speech in certain positions, and even where usually uttered it is apt to be lost after a final consonant in rapid and easy speaking. In the pronouns he, him, her, when unaccented, as they usually are after another word, the h is almost universally omitted in colloquial speech, an omission long recognized in the common spelling of the related neuter pronoun hit, now always written and pronounced it, and in the colloquial plural hem, now written 'em. The h forms a number of digraphs, or compound characters, some of them of great importance and frequency. The origin of this practice goes back to the earliest Greek period, when the so-called aspirates were real aspirates— that is, mutes with an audible bit of flatus expelled after them: kh nearly as in backhouse, th as in boat-hook, ph as in haphazard. The sounds were at first so written in Greek, with an h after each mute; later, simple characters were devised to take the place of these combinations. But in Greek words carried into Italy the spelling with h was kept up: thus, chorus, theatrum, philosophus; then, in the change of these aspirates to spirants, unitary values were won by the digraphs; and the use of th, especially with spirant value (thin, that), was widely extended to the Teutonic part of our language. The digraph sh comes by alteration of the k of sk to a spirant, and its fusion with the sibilant, making a more palatal sibilant. The origin of our gh (always either silent or pronounced as f), by graphic change from earlier h, has been stated above. (See also under G.) Finally, rh is found in Greek words, as rhetoric, and represents an r with preceding aspiration, as in AS. hring (whence it should properly be written hr, as hw for wh); but the aspiration is always lost in our utterance. For the name of the letter, see aitch.
    • h As a medieval numeral, 200 and with a dash over it, 200,000.
    • h As a symbol: In German musical nomenclature, the key, tone, or note elsewhere called B — that is, B natural.
    • h As an abbreviation: Hour
    • n h An abbreviation of House of Commons.
    • n h An abbreviation of His Holiness —that is, the Pope—or of His (or Her) Highness.
    • n h An abbreviation in epitaphs of the Latin phrase hic jacet (which see).
    • n h An abbreviation of House of Lords.
    • h An abbreviation of His (or Her) Majesty.
    • h An abbreviation of horse-power.
    • h An abbreviation of House of Representatives.
    • h In mineralogy, the initial letter of the general symbol, hkl, applied to a face of a crystal in the system of Miller. See symbol.
    • h In electricity, the symbol for henry (which see).
    • h In pathol., hypermetropia.
    • n h An abbreviation of Heralds' College.
    • n h An abbreviation of His Eminence;
    • n h of Bis (or Her) Excellency;
    • n h of Hydraulic Engineer.
    • n h An abbreviation of the Latin hic est, ‘he is’; of the Latin hoc est, ‘this is.’
    • n h An abbreviation
    • n h of His Grace;
    • n h of Horse Guards.
    • n h An abbreviation of Hawaiian Islands.
    • n h An abbreviation
    • n h of Hallelujah Meter;
    • n h of Home Mission or Home Missionary.
    • n h An abbreviation of half pay;
    • n h of High Priest;
    • n h of high-pressure, when applied to cyliuders: when applied to engines it means horse-power, and, to prevent confusion, when a high-pressure engine is meant the words should be written out.
    • n h An abbreviation of headquarters.
    • n h An abbreviation of Home Ruler.
    • n h In electricity, an abbreviation of high resistance.
    • n h An abbreviation of hoc titulo, ‘in (or under) this title.’
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: US presidents who have been assassinated: Abraham Lincoln in 1865, James A. Garfield in 1881, William H. McKinley in 1901, and John F. Kennedy in 1963.
    • H the eighth letter in our alphabet, its sound that of a strongly-marked continuous guttural, produced at the back of the palate, not existing in English, but heard in the Scotch loch and the German lachen. In Old English h was a guttural, or throat sound, but it gradually softened down to a spirant, and has now become almost a vowel: (chem.) a symbol denoting hydrogen: in medieval Roman notation=200
    • ***

Quotations

  • Ken Blanchard
    Ken Blanchard
    “HELP = H(umor), E-go, edging God out, L-istening, P-urpose”

Usage

In literature:

H., 189.,, H. C. M., 189.
"A History of Horncastle from the earliest period to the present time" by James Conway Walter
J. H. Parr, who, with his wife, united in the organization.
"The American Missionary -- Volume 39, No. 03, March, 1885" by Various
Put 1 under cd, over efg, under h, over ijk and under lm.
"Philippine Mats" by Hugo H. Miller
HUXLEY (T. H.) and MARTIN (H.
"The Girls and I" by Mary Louisa Stewart Molesworth
P. H. Aylett, a grandson of Patrick Henry, was the first speaker.
"A Rebel War Clerk's Diary at the Confederate States Capital" by John Beauchamp Jones
H. H. Stebbins, of the Central Presbyterian church, and others.
"The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony (Volume 2 of 2)" by Ida Husted Harper
In the first unit of time, the impacts are 2, 6, h, 2; and in the second 6, 2, h, 6.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 1" by Various
Visitors to the Chiswick Gardens of the R.H.S.
"The Book of Pears and Plums" by Edward Bartrum
Special mention, however, may be made of such important and suggestive works as C.H.
"Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 6, Slice 4" by Various
H. L. Ferris (Osage county): I would not plant them to sell.
"The Apple" by Various
J. H. Beyer, age 56, painter, born in Michigan.
"The Everett massacre" by Walker C. Smith
This officer proved to be Captain H. H. Alban, 21st Ohio Vols., who was taken prisoner at Chicamauga.
"In and Out of Rebel Prisons" by Lieut. A. [Alonzo] Cooper
Teslin Lake (A. H. Howell, 1924:36).
"A Synopsis of the North American Lagomorpha" by E. Raymond Hall
H. O. changed rods with Dicky because H.
"The Wouldbegoods" by E. Nesbit
Notice how this form can tell a story 48 H.T.
"The Bible Story" by Rev. Newton Marshall Hall
Jesse Bowman Young, Professor H. H. Ragan, and Mr. George Makepeace Towle.
"The Story of Chautauqua" by Jesse Lyman Hurlbut
Houghton, ordinary seamen; L. Deming, H. Wilkes, and R.H. King, landsmen.
"The Greater Republic" by Charles Morris
Private William H. H. Scott, captured.
"The Bright Side of Prison Life" by Samuel A. Swiggett
H, cork closing thermos tube.
"The Nature of Animal Light" by E. Newton Harvey
Zouteveen (H. H. H. van).
"A Biographical Dictionary of Freethinkers of All Ages and Nations" by Joseph Mazzini Wheeler
***

In poetry:

Mrs. T.:
What does it mean, what does it mean?
This smell of smoke may indicate
That we'll be burned — oh-h-h, awful fate!
"Il Janitoro" by George Ade
The Bells did ring, the Boys did shout,
And run about like wild;
The People's Hearts were all right glad,
And Y—-r—-h's Countess smil'd;
"The Royal Chace" by Cornelius Arnold
Each breeze brings scents of hill-heaped hay;
And now an owlet, far away,
Cries twice or thrice, "T-o-o-w-h-o-o";
And cool dim moths of mottled gray
Flit through the dew.
"Evening On The Farm" by Madison Julius Cawein
Das, Maler, ist dein Meisterstuecke!
Ja, H**, ja; an Anmut reich,
Sieht dies Kind meinem Kinde gleich.
Das ist sein Haar; dies seine Blicke;
Das ist sein Mund; das ist sein Kinn.
"Das Bild An Hrn. H." by Gotthold Ephraim Lessing
The friend who gave our board such gust,
Life's care may he o'erstep it half,
And, when Death hooks him, as he must,
He'll do it handsomely, I trust,
And John H---- write his epitaph!
"To Mr. John Bartlett" by James Russell Lowell
THAT Peter a fisher was, all will agree,
Of men; so were the sons of old Zebedee:
But the F**h*r of Sarum thought time spent much better
In trying secrets to fish from her H--n--ss's letter.
"On A Certain Gentleman" by Elizabeth Beverley

In news:

Evening News photo by KIM BRENT 2012 4-H Queen Katie Seitz, 18, is congratulated by fellow contestant Hannah Doederlein, 15, at the 4-H Royalty contest, held Thursday in the Show Arena.
CLEVELAND John H "J. H".
Addison County 4-H members and leaders celebrated a year of activities, projects and events at the annual 4-H Achievement Night.
First-wave Houston femme-punks jolt the monthly H.U.S.H.
Sikorsky Obtains CFS Agreement for H-53, H-60.
The Grundfos CRN-H and CRNE-H stainless steel horizontal end suction pumps allow for seal changes in less than 1 hr.
The Grundfos CRN-H and CRNE-H stainless steel horizontal end suction pump s allow for seal changes in less than 1 hr.
Happy Valley Middle School student Tala Burleson enjoyed her first year as a member of Carter County 4-H. Photo by Brandon Hicks Tala Burleson shows off some of her 4-H ribbons in the kitchen of her home.
Cindy Putman protests outside the H.H.
Instead of treating ulcers, homeopaths treat people who have ulcers, which are caused by a combination of H. Peptic ulcers are often a result of either an infection of the bacteria H.
Matt DeSalvo (0 IP, 2 H, 3 ER) and Luis Vizcaino (1 IP, 3 H, 4 ER) threw fuel on the fire, and by the time the Angels were done scoring, their ten runs were too much for the Yanks to climb back from.
Here are Raymond A Pickell, Kenneth H Pickell and Harold H Pickell, along with Marian Vliet.
"H. B. Fuller is proud of its collaborative approach with customers and OEMs and it is through partnership that the next generation of adhesives is being perfected," says Stuart Jenkinson, business director EIMEA for tobacco at H.B.
4-H clubs across the country are preparing for One Day 4-H, which kicks off this Saturday.
C haritable H ands A re Di vine: C.H.A.D.
***

In science:

We have obtained above expression for the return loop when the applied field is reversed from hext = h on the lower ma jor loop to hext = h′ (h − 2J ≤ h′ ≤ h), and reversed again from hext = h′ to hext = h′′ (h′′ ≤ h).
Exact Expressions for Minor Hysteresis Loops in the Random Field Ising Model on a Bethe Lattice at Zero Temperature
Since H (h′, h′ ) is a strongly convex function on H, there exists a unique element h0 ∈ H such that H (h0, h0 ) < H (h′, h′ ) for any h′ ∈ H, h′ 6= h0 .
Moore-Penrose inverse, parabolic subgroups, and Jordan pairs
H− (h) = ( ˜W− (h) + h) ∨ ˜M− (h) and Γ(h) = max( ˜H− (h), ˆM− (h)).
Aging properties of Sinai's model of random walk in random environment
Introduce the notation H := (cid:8)h ∈ C0 (X, IR), |h(x) − h(y )| ≤ ρ(x, y ), ∀x, y ∈ X (cid:9) . ρ(T µ, T ν ) = sup (cid:26)Z h d(T µ) − Z h d(T ν ), h ∈ H(cid:27) pi Z h ◦ Ti dν, h ∈ H) .
Perron-Frobenius spectrum for random maps and its approximation
Then there are two-sided integrals Λ ∈ H, µ ∈ ˆH which are traces in the sense that hµ, abi = hµ, bai, hαβ, Λi = hβα, Λi for al l a, b ∈ H, αβ ∈ ˆH .
From Subfactors to Categories and Topology II. The quantum double of tensor categories and subfactors
All these goals are achieved for pairs of Clifford bundles (E, h, ∇h, ·) −→ (M n, g ), (E ′, h′, ∇h′, ·′ ) −→ (M ′ n, g ′ ) of bounded geometry and associated generalized Dirac operators D = D(E, h, ∇h, ·, g ), D ′ = D(E ′, h′, ∇h′, ·′, g ′) if the following holds.
Relative Zeta Functions, Determinants, Torsion, Index Theorems and Invariants for Open Manifolds
We fix a Clifford bundle (E, h, ∇h, ·) −→ (M n, g ) of bounded geometry, the corresponding generalized Dirac operator D = D(g, h, ∇h, ·) and permit variation of the (metric) connection ∇h, such that E ′ = (E, h, ∇′h, ·) ∈ comp1,r (E, h, ∇h, ·), in particular |∇ − ∇′ |g, h,∇h, 1,r < ∞.
Relative Zeta Functions, Determinants, Torsion, Index Theorems and Invariants for Open Manifolds
If (g ′, h′, ∇h′ ) ∈ arccompp,r (g, h, ∇h) then |∇h − ∇h′ |g − g ′ |g, p,r < ∞, |h − h′ |g, h,∇h, p,r < ∞, |g, h,∇h, p,r < ∞.
Relative Zeta Functions, Determinants, Torsion, Index Theorems and Invariants for Open Manifolds
Proposition 4.2 a) CLMp,r (g, h, ∇h) is local ly arcwise connected. b) In CLMp,r (g, h, ∇h) coincide components and arc components. c) CLMp,r (g, h, ∇h) = Pi∈I compp,r (·i ). d) compp,r (·) = {·′ | | · − ·′ |g, h,∇h, p,r < ∞}.
Relative Zeta Functions, Determinants, Torsion, Index Theorems and Invariants for Open Manifolds
Remark 4.3 In the language of the intrinsic Riemannian geometry of Mult(g, h, ∇h) and of Γ(Mult(g, h, ∇h)) we can rewrite | · − ·′ |g, h,∇h,p,r < δ as ·′ = exp X ◦ ·, X ∈ Γ(T (Mult(g, h, ∇h))), |X |g, h,∇h,p,r < δ .
Relative Zeta Functions, Determinants, Torsion, Index Theorems and Invariants for Open Manifolds
We use Sweedler’s notation and through this paper write ∆(h) = h(1) ⊗ h(2), ∆2 (h) := (∆ ⊗ id) ◦ ∆(h) = h(1) ⊗ h(2) ⊗ h(3), where summation is understood. A character of a Hopf algebra H is a (unital ) algebra homomorphism δ : H −→ k . A grouplike element is an element σ ∈ H such that ∆(σ) = σ ⊗ σ and ǫ(σ) = 1.
Invariant Cyclic Homology
If α ∈ h∗, we denote by hα ∈ h the unique element in h such that α(H ) = (hα |H ) for all H ∈ h.
On simple real Lie bialgebras
We have a Chern-Weil homomorphism CW : C ∗(˜h[ǫ], ˜h; L∗ ) → C ∗(˜g, ˜h; L∗) as before. A choice of an ˜h equivariant split ∇′ : ˜g → ˜h is given by ∇′ = ∇′′ ◦ k + id − ∇ ◦ k, where ∇′′ : g → h is an h-equivariant splitting of the embedding h → g.
Deformation Quantization of Endomorphism Bundles
Hn = C[ ˙W ] ⊗ S ( ˙h). (ii) The natural inclusions C[ ˙W ] ֒→ ¨Hn and S ( ˙h) ֒→ ¨Hn are algebra homomorphisms (the images of w ∈ ˙W and h ∈ ˙h will be simply denoted by w and h). (iii) The following relations hold in ¨Hn : sαh − sα(h)sα = −hα|hi πh = π(h)π (h ∈ ˙h).
Classification of simple modules over degenerate double Affine Hecke algebras of type A
Since (·, ·) is nondegenerate on H and ˙H, we have H = ˙H ⊕ ˙H⊥ where ˙H⊥ ˙H in H.
Generalized reductive Lie algberas
***