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English

Definitions

  • An English mastiff lying down, head on his paws
    An English mastiff lying down, head on his paws
  • WordNet 3.6
    • adj English of or relating to or characteristic of England or its culture or people "English history","the English landed aristocracy","English literature"
    • adj English of or relating to the English language
    • n English the discipline that studies the English language and literature
    • n English an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch; the official language of Britain and the United States and most of the commonwealth countries
    • n English (sports) the spin given to a ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist
    • n English the people of England
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

English Cathedral English Cathedral
Overboard, One Yell in the English Language, One In Eye-talian 193 Overboard, One Yell in the English Language, One In Eye-talian 193
English Dictionary Illustrated English Dictionary Illustrated
Types of English Beauty Types of English Beauty
Timbering—one of the first English industries in the New World. (Painting by Sidney E. King.) Timbering—one of the first English industries in the New World. (Painting by Sidney E. King.)
ENGLISH SOLDIERS CLIMBING THE PYRAMIDS ENGLISH SOLDIERS CLIMBING THE PYRAMIDS
THE ENGLISH SUMMER (LEFT) AND WINTER THE ENGLISH SUMMER (LEFT) AND WINTER
The steam-roller (English) at work The steam-roller (English) at work

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: The longest one-syllable word in the English language is "screeched."
    • English A kind of printing type, in size between Pica and Great Primer. See Type.
    • English (Billiards) A twist or spinning motion given to a ball in striking it that influences the direction it will take after touching a cushion or another ball.
    • English Collectively, the people of England; English people or persons.
    • a English Of or pertaining to England, or to its inhabitants, or to the present so-called Anglo-Saxon race.
    • English The language of England or of the English nation, and of their descendants in America, India, and other countries.
    • English (Billiards) To strike (the cue ball) in such a manner as to give it in addition to its forward motion a spinning motion, that influences its direction after impact on another ball or the cushion.
    • English To translate into the English language; to Anglicize; hence, to interpret; to explain. "Those gracious acts . . . may be Englished more properly, acts of fear and dissimulation.""Caxton does not care to alter the French forms and words in the book which he was Englishing ."
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: No word in the English language rhymes with month, orange,silver or purple
    • English Belonging to or characteristic of England (the largest of the three kingdoms which with the principality of Wales form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland), or to its inhabitants, institutions, etc.: often used for British.
    • English Of or pertaining to or characteristic of the language spoken by the people of England and the peoples derived from them. See II., 2.
    • n English Collectively, in the plural, the people of England; specifically, natives of England, or the people constituting the English race, particularly as distinguished from the Scotch, Welsh, and Irish.
    • n English [ME. English, Englisch, etc., ⟨ AS. Englisc, Ænglisc, neut. adj. as noun (also with a noun, Englisc gereord or getheód), the English language—that is, the language spoken by the Angles and, by extension, by the Saxons and other Low German tribes who composed the people called Anglo-Saxons. See etymology above, Anglo-Saxon, and def.] The language of the people of England and of the peoples derived from them, including those of English descent in the United States of America, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the British dependencies in India, Africa, and other parts of the world. The signification of the term English, as applied to language, has varied with its changes of signification in political use. Originally applied to the language of the Angles, it came in time to be the general designation of the aggregate of slightly differing Low German dialects, Anglian and Saxon, which was recognized as the national tongue of the Teutonic invaders of Britain. This tongue, now generally known as Anglo-Saxon (see Anglo-Saxon), underwent in the course of time, by the Scandinavian invasion in the ninth century, and by the Norman conquest and the introduction of Norman French in the eleventh century, changes so extensive and profound as to make the English” language of the later periods practically another tongue. Accordingly, the older stages of the language have at different periods received some special designation, as Saxon, Anglo-Saxon, English-Saxon, or Saxon-English for the language before the Norman conquest, and Old English or Early English for the period between the Norman conquest and the modern period. Recently some British scholars have insisted on using English to cover the whole range of the language, applying Old English, or, as some term it, Oldest English, to the Anglo-Saxon period. But, apart from the question as to the practical differences of the Anglo-Saxon and the language later called English, this tends to confusion, the term Old English having long had a distinct and well-understood application to the mixed language developed after the Norman conquest. Various divisions have been made of the periods of English. All are more or less arbitrary, there being no absolute gap even between the Anglo-Saxon and the following period. A common division, adopted in this dictionary, is as follows: Anglo-Saxon, meaning usually and chiefly West-Saxon, but including all other Anglo-Saxon dialects, Kentish, Mercian, Old Northumbrian, etc., from the middle of the fifth century, or rather from the seventh century, when the first contemporary records (in Anglo-Saxon) begin, to the middle or end of the twelfth century (a. d. 450 (600)-1150 (1200)); Middle English, also called Old English, from the middle or end of the twelfth century to the beginning of the sixteenth century (a. d. 1150 (1200)-1500); Modern English, or simply English, from the beginning of the sixteenth century to the present time. Each of these periods is divided, when convenient, into three subperiods by the terms early and late applied to the first and the last part of the main periods. The periods of transition cannot be exactly fixed, and in the etymologies of this dictionary the designation “early Middle English,” for example, with reference to a word or form, may coincide in date with the designation “late Anglo-Saxon,” as applied to another word or form of earlier aspect or spelling. So “early modern English,” referring properly to the first part of the sixteenth century (a. d. 1500-1550), may in some cases refer back to the last decades of the fifteenth century, or, in regard to archaic forms and spellings, may extend to the end of the sixteenth century. In particular cases the date of the century or the date of the year is given. Philologically, English, considered with reference to its original form, Anglo-Saxon, and to the grammatical features which it retains of Anglo-Saxon origin, is the most conspicuous member of the Low German group of the Teutonic family, the other Low German languages being Old Saxon, Old Friesic, Old Low German, and other extinct forms, and the modern Dutch, Flemish, Friesic, and Low German (Platt Deutsch). These, with High German, constitute the “West Germanic” branch, as Gothic and the Scandinavian tongues constitute the “East Germanic” branch, of the Teutonic family. (See the terms used.) By mixture with the Celtic and Latin of the Anglo-Saxon period, and later with the kindred Scandinavian, and then with the Old French of the Norman and other dialects, especially with the Norman French as developed in England (the Anglo-French), and with later French, and finally, in consequence of the spread of English exploration, commerce, conquest, and colonization, with nearly all the other great languages of the globe, English has become the most composite language spoken by man. The vocabulary of common life is still about three fourths of Anglo-Saxon origin; but the vocabulary of literature and commerce contains a majority of words of foreign origin, chiefly Latin or Greek, coming in great part through the Romance tongues, and of these chiefly through French. The languages from which the next greatest contributions have been received are the Scandinavian (Icelandic, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian), the Low German (Dutch, Flemish, etc.), Celtic, Hebrew, Persian, Arabic, Hindustani, Turkish, Malay, Chinese, American Indian, etc. The words derived from the more remote languages are, however, in great part names of products or customs peculiar to the countries concerned, and few of them enter into actual English use.
    • n English The English equivalent of a foreign word; an English rendering.
    • n English In printing, a size of type between pica and great primer: in the United States, about 5⅛ lines to the linear inch.
    • n English This line is in English type.
    • n English In billiards, a twisting or spinning motion imparted by a quick stroke on one side to the cue-ball. All deviations by the cue-ball from such motion as would naturally result from a straight central stroke with the cue, or from the slant given by impact on the side of an object-ball after such a stroke, are governed by the same principle; but as most force-shots have special names (draw, follow, massé, etc.), the word English is generally used only when the ball glances after impact in a direction more or less sharply angular from the objectball or cushion. [U. S.]
    • n English idiomatic or correct English.
    • English To translate into the English language; render in English.
    • English To furnish with English speech.
    • English To express in speech; give an account of.
    • English In billiards, to cause to twist or spin and to assume a more or less sharply angular direction after impact: as, he Englished his ball too much.
    • English In billiards, to impart a twisting or spinning motion to the cue-ball: as, I Englished just right.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: No language has more synonyms than English.
    • adj English ing′glish belonging to England or its inhabitants
    • n English the language of the people of England
    • v.t English to translate a book into English: to make English
    • ***

Quotations

  • Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon%20Bonaparte
    “I tell you Wellington is a bad general, the English are bad soldiers; we will settle this matter by lunch time.”
  • Malcolm Muggeridge
    Malcolm%20Muggeridge
    “Civilization -- a heap of rubble scavenged by scrawny English Lit. vultures.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “One should not be too severe on English novels; they are the only relaxation of the intellectually unemployed.”
  • Oscar Wilde
    Oscar%20Wilde
    “One knows so well the popular idea of health. The English country gentleman galloping after a fox -- the unspeakable in full pursuit of the uneatable.”
  • Theodore Roosevelt
    Theodore%20Roosevelt
    “Every immigrant who comes here should be required within five years to learn English or leave the country.”
  • George Bernard Shaw
    George%20Bernard%20Shaw
    “The English have no respect for their language, and will not teach their children to speak it.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
AS. Englisc, fr. Engle, Angle, Engles, Angles, a tribe of Germans from the southeast of Sleswick, in Denmark, who settled in Britain and gave it the name of England,. Cf. Anglican

Usage

In literature:

As the knowledge of English spreads, the acquisition of English ways gradually follows.
"India and the Indians" by Edward F. Elwin
But at first English power came among them unaccompanied by English morality.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
English institutions and English language took firm root.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
But Hamburg, though it does not love the English, is always accused by the rest of Germany of being English.
"Home Life in Germany" by Mrs. Alfred Sidgwick
Explain the terms Semi-Saxon, Old English, and Middle English.
"A Handbook of the English Language" by Robert Gordon Latham
But the Northmen persecuted the Romano-English forms as bitterly as they did the Irish.
"A History of England Principally in the Seventeenth Century, Volume I (of 6)" by Leopold von Ranke
A motley group now gathered around the Indian king and the English embassy.
"King Philip" by John S. C. (John Stevens Cabot) Abbott
I am, as the English say, broke like a stone.
"The Island Mystery" by George A. Birmingham
We want to make every Gaelic Leaguer a conscious rebel against English beliefs and English habits.
"Changing Winds" by St. John G. Ervine
In India both countries had trading-stations, but the French were popular with the natives and the English were not.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, v. 13" by Various
In the end Bacon would have been conquered, for he could not have held out against the English fleet and the English troops.
"Virginia under the Stuarts 1607-1688" by Thomas J. Wertenbaker
I will get a tutor in the English curate with the English rector of my parish.
"A Danish Parsonage" by John Fulford Vicary
He was half English and half Potawatomi, and acted as Tecumseh's secretary, to translate Shawnee into French or English.
"Boys' Book of Indian Warriors" by Edwin L. Sabin
The genuine English and French prefaces are given.
"The Writings Of Thomas Paine, Complete" by Thomas Paine
This war is known in history as King William's war, from the name of the English monarch in whose reign it occurred.
"Glimpses of the Past" by W. O. Raymond
The English do not spy.
"Command" by William McFee
The English were in no hurry in sending out settlers to the New World which Columbus had discovered.
"The Story of Our Country"
And the English, where are they?
"Dave Dawson at Dunkirk" by Robert Sydney Bowen
The English translation, "Come, Thou Saviour of our race," is by William R. Reynolds.
"The Story of Our Hymns" by Ernest Edwin Ryden
It is almost entirely confined to English singers, and the only music written for it is by English composers.
"The New Gresham Encyclopedia. Vol. 1 Part 1" by Various
***

In poetry:

Upon its page was written
No English, French, nor Greek;
But a universal language
That only flowers can speak.
"The Unwritten Letter" by Jared Barhite
No matter what the fable means
Put into English speech;
No matter what the thing may be
You long for, out of reach.
"A Woman's Mood" by Elizabeth Stuart Phelps Ward
They'll let the Belgian mother,
The French and English maid
Give husband, lover, brother,
To stop the Kaiser's raid.
"Jack Canuck" by Abner Cosens
Come, take the book we love so well,
And let us read and dream
We see whate'er its pages tell,
And sail an English stream.
"After A Lecture On Wordsworth" by Oliver Wendell Holmes
"The verdure of these English fields
Seems in my heart to glow--
There, as this shaded river winds,
I feel its waters flow.
"Vignette - IV" by Matilda Betham
“’I worked afar that I might rear
A peaceful home on English soil;
I labored for the gold and gear—­
I loved my toil.
"The Letter L" by Jean Ingelow

In news:

Todd English seems to be doing OK in the aftermath of his dust-up with Erica Wang.
It doesn't hurt that the English have been placed in what they will view as an easy group in which to play.
Set in a fictitious English village in 1900, it's the story of an outsider.
If you've taken a high school English course, I'm sure you've all groaned after one glance at the summer reading list.
Fyodor Lukyanov is the editor in chief of the Russia in Global Affairs journal, published in Russian and English.
PINSON, Alabama --English as a Second Language students attended a two-week camp at Rudd Middle School in Pinson in July.
Karen Miranda Ramirez, left, and Auhely Eurora talk with Susan Whitehurst, right, the principal at Rudd Middle School during the English as a Second Language camp.
Instead of graduate school, the young Miller headed off on a search that ended up in the Himalayas, where he spent the rest of the '70s and '80s learning from Buddhist teachers while teaching some of them English.
One thing I guarantee your friends will never say to you at dinner time is, "Lets go out for some English".
Woodrow English will play at Ronald Reagan's services Friday.
Miley my English Bull Terrier .
Miley my English Bull Terrier.
Canadian scribes got a pay raise in a collective agreement for English-language screenwriting, in a deal that will run Nov 1 to Dec 31, 2014.
Some of these works, such as Eric Stokes's The English Utilitarians and India and R.
There has been a cloud over Qatar-based television news service Al Jazeera English since its launch in late 2006.
***

In science:

Parallel networks that learn to pronounce English text.
Meta-Learning for Phonemic Annotation of Corpora
English translsation: Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics, Princeton University Press (1955).
A General Argument Against the Universal Validity of the Superposition Principle
English translation in The Principle of Relativity, translated by W.
How the sun shines
Gantmacher, Applications of the theory of matrices, (English translation: translated by J. R.
Monte Carlo: Basics
I”, accessible on the web in an English translation by B.
Paradox regained: Life beyond Goedel's shadow
Word co-occurrences: a graph in which the vertices represent words in the English language, and an edge signifies that the vertices it connects frequently occur in adjacent positions in sentences.
Random graphs as models of networks
Dixmier, Enveloping Algebras, (The 1996 Printing of the 1977 English Translation), Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Vol.
Simple vertex operator algebras are nondegenerate
Coefficients with zero mean, (Russian, English summary) Teor.
Equilibrium distribution of zeros of random polynomials
Sato, Theory of prehomogeneous vector spaces (Algebraic part) - The English translation of Sato’s lecture from Shintani’s Note (translated by M.
The b-functions for prehomogeneous vector spaces of commutative parabolic type and generalized universal Verma modules
The first paper, to our best knowledge, that provides a characterization of isomorphic types (simple types with products and an inhabited type constant), is Soloviev’s work from 1981, published in English in 1983.
Retractions of Types with Many Atoms
There are some adjectives that describe themselves and there are some that do not. “English” is an English word. ”French” is not a French word. “Short” is not short and “Long” is not long. “Polysyllabic” is polysyllabic but “monosyllabic” is not monosyllabic.
A Universal Approach to Self-Referential Paradoxes, Incompleteness and Fixed Points
Consider the set Adj of all (English) adjectives.
A Universal Approach to Self-Referential Paradoxes, Incompleteness and Fixed Points
Whereas with Grelling’s paradox we dealt with adjectives, here we deal with complete English sentences.
A Universal Approach to Self-Referential Paradoxes, Incompleteness and Fixed Points
There are many sentences in the English language that describe real numbers between 0 and 1.
A Universal Approach to Self-Referential Paradoxes, Incompleteness and Fixed Points
Using this order, we can select all those English sentences that describe real numbers between 0 and 1.
A Universal Approach to Self-Referential Paradoxes, Incompleteness and Fixed Points
***