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Buddha

Definitions

  • BUDDHA
    BUDDHA
  • WordNet 3.6
    • n Buddha founder of Buddhism; worshipped as a god (c 563-483 BC)
    • n Buddha one who has achieved a state of perfect enlightenment
    • ***
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Buddha The title of an incarnation of self-abnegation, virtue, and wisdom.
    • Buddha The title of Siddhartha or Gautama, a deified religious teacher of the Buddhists and the founder of Buddhism; called also Gautama Siddartha or Sakya Sinha (or Muni). From three newly discovered inscriptions of the emperor Asoka it follows that the 37th year of his reign was reckoned as the 257th from the death of Buddha. Hence it is inferred that Buddha died between 482 and 472 B. C. It being agreed that he lived to be eighty, he was born between 562 and 552 B. C. The Buddhist narratives of his life are overgrown with legend and myth. Senart seeks to trace in them the history of the sun-hero. Oldenberg finds in the most ancient traditions -- those of Ceylon -- at least definite historical outlines. Siddhartha, as Buddha was called before entering upon his great mission, was born in the country and tribe of the Sakhyas, at the foot of the Nepalese Himalayas. His father, Suddhodana, was rather a great and wealthy landowner than a king. He passed his youth in opulence at Kapila-vastu, the Sakhya capital. He was married and had a son Rahula, who became a member of his order. At the age of twenty-nine he left parents, wife, and only son for the spiritual struggle of a recluse. After seven years he believed himself possessed of perfect truth, and assumed the title of Buddha, 'the enlightened.' He is represented as having received a sudden illumination as he sat under the Bo-tree, or ' tree of knowledge,' at Bodhgaya or Buddha-Gaya. For twenty-eight or, as later narratives give it, forty-nine days he was variously tempted by Mara. One of his doubts was whether to keep for himself the knowledge won, or to share it. Love triumphed, and he began to preach, at first at Benares. For forty-four years he preached in the region of Benares and Behar. Primitive Buddhism is only to be gathered by inference from the literature of a later time. Buddha did not array himself against the old religion. The doctrines were rather the outgrowth of those of certain Brahmanical schools. His especial concern was salvation from sorrow, and so from existence. There are "four noble truths": (1) existence is suffering; (2) the cause of pain is desire, (3) cessation of pain is possible through the suppression of desire; (4) the way to this is the knowledge and observance of the "good law " of Buddha. The end is Nirvana, the cessation of existence. Buddhism was preached in the vulgar tongue, and had a popular literature and an elaborately organized monastic and missionary system. It made its way into Afghanistan, Bactriana., Tibet, and China. It passed away in India not from Brahman persecution, but rather from internal causes, such as its too abstract nature, too morbid view of life, relaxed discipline, and overgrowth of monasticism, and also because Shivaism and Vishnuism employed many of its own weapons more effectively. The system has been variously modified in dogma and rites in the many countries to which it has spread. It is supposed to number about 850,000,000 of adherents, who are principally in Ceylon, Tibet, China, and Japan.
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Buddha An epithet, meaning the Wise or Enlightened One, applied to the historical founder of Buddhism (according to some in the eleventh century b. c., but more probably in the sixth century), regarded by the Buddhists as the fourth in a series of five messianic Buddhas. He was an Indian prince of the Sakya tribe, and hence called Sakyamuni (the Sakya sage), the name preferred in China and Japan. His original name was Siddartha (literally, “the realization of all the meanings,” that is, of the portents at his birth); that most used in Burma, Ceylon, etc., is Gautama or Gotama (literally, “most victorious”), the sacerdotal name of the Sakya tribe.
    • n Buddha [lowercase] One who attains to perfect enlightenment such as that ascribed to the founder of Buddhism, and devotes his powers to the salvation of mankind.
    • n Buddha Sometimes also Boodh, Boodha.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Buddha bōōd′da an epithet applied to Sakyamuni or Gautama, the founder of the Buddhist religion
    • ***

Quotations

  • Buddha
    Buddha
    “The Buddhas do but tell the way; it is for you to swelter at the task.”
  • Isadora Duncan
    Isadora%20Duncan
    “Art is not necessary at all. All that is necessary to make this world a better place to live in is to love --to love as Christ loved, as Buddha loved.”
  • Ma-Tsu
    Ma-Tsu
    “The mind that does not understand is the Buddha. There is no other.”

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
Skr. buddha, wise, sage, 'the enlightened' fr. budh, to know
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Sans. buddha, wise, from budh, to know.

Usage

In literature:

Buddha speaks with loathing of immoral conduct.
"Fighting the Traffic in Young Girls" by Various
In comparison with the priesthood of Egypt, Buddha is contemptibly modern.
"Vixen, Volume III." by M. E. Braddon
In the end Asoka took refuge in Buddha, the law, and the assembly.
"The Great Events by Famous Historians, Volume 9" by Various
Thus, Buddha represents the tendencies towards pity and resignation, summing up the aspirations for final rest.
"Essay on the Creative Imagination" by Th. Ribot
THE IMITATION OF BUDDHA: Quotations from Buddhist Literature for each Day in the Year.
"Werwolves" by Elliott O'Donnell
Doubtless the copying and substitution from the lives of Christna and Buddha were too plain.
"The New Avatar and The Destiny of the Soul" by Jirah D. Buck
The shadows seem to wrap its two thousand exquisite carvings, and its Bells of Buddha in loving and warm tropical embrace.
"Flash-lights from the Seven Seas" by William L. Stidger
The hermit sleeps in a cave, but generally comes out in the open to pray to Buddha.
"An Explorer's Adventures in Tibet" by A. Henry Savage Landor
The temple of Loro-Jonggrang is one in which, as at Kalasan, the object of worship was Siva, and not Buddha.
"A Visit to Java" by W. Basil Worsfold
Next looms up the gigantic wooden structure, which houses Daibutsa, the great bronze image of Buddha.
"The Critic in the Orient" by George Hamlin Fitch
For a long time Ling Foo sat on his stool, the image of Buddha contemplating the way.
"The Pagan Madonna" by Harold MacGrath
For example: Once the Buddha lived upon earth as a hare.
"Appearances" by Goldsworthy Lowes Dickinson
And a final ascent brings us to a colossal Buddha, now reclining, as if his work were done and he were entering upon the bliss of Nirvana.
"A Tour of the Missions" by Augustus Hopkins Strong
Theosophy acclaimed him the new Buddha, and in Judaism a sect arose who saw, in Paul, Isaiah reborn.
"The Orchard of Tears" by Sax Rohmer
But Buddha now reigns supreme on Omei; of all the many temples, one only is Taoist.
"A Wayfarer in China" by Elizabeth Kendall
The True History of Buddha.
"Buchanan's Journal of Man, October 1887" by Various
It is nearer to us and less complex than the story of the Buddha.
"Child and Country" by Will Levington Comfort
Buddha was purely human to himself and his contemporaries.
"Introduction to the History of Religions" by Crawford Howell Toy
Orientals are superstitious; but what could the fellow be afraid of in the beautiful young thing, Buddha posed, blossoms in her hair?
"The Million-Dollar Suitcase" by Alice MacGowan
And if I say Christ and Buddha and I are one, let me so believe, if that be my need.
"The Crimson Tide" by Robert W. Chambers
***

In poetry:

I smile, a buddha, all
Wants, desire
Falling from me like rings
Hugging their lights.
"Paralytic" by Sylvia Plath
"Gone is the mount of Meru,
The triple gods are gone,
And, deaf to all the lama's prayers,
The Buddha slumbers on.
"The Vision Of Echard" by John Greenleaf Whittier
Now I wait your probable death,
I, who was a fact of earth,
Never held a fainting faith
In Buddha or in Christ’s belief.
"Mother" by Dorothy Violet Wellesley
There is no Nivana to attain beyond;
There is no Samsara here to renounce;
Truly to know the Self-mind
It is to be the Buddha Himself.
These are the Key-points of Accomplishment.
"The Song Of View, Practice, And Action" by Jetsun Milarepa
But when she saw her child was dead,
She scattered ashes on her head,
And seized the small corpse, pale and sweet,
And rushing wildly through the street,
She sobbing fell at Buddha's feet.
"The Law Of Death" by John Hay
The most precious treasure is never fully known.
The black dragon’s pearl appears for an instant, then sings again.
The jewel on the forehead of the Golden Buddha
is only half-visible to common men.
"Bubbles on the Water" by Yang Wan-Li

In news:

Alexa Orozco, center, watched with other children as Ryann Baez worked on her artistic piece she titled "Buddha Land" on the walkway at San Jacinto Plaza during Chalk The Block in 2011 in downtown El Paso.
Some oddities really are just too good to be true: mysterious Buddha statue initially acquired by Nazis is likely a fake.
Buddha' goes to the hospital: A convergence of art, history and science.
On their way to a park built in the shadow of Bamiyan's Buddhas, two Americans encounter remnants of war and signs of promise.
Buddha Sky Bar marks first anniversary.
Surya Das ' 'Buddha Standard Time' can still the hamster wheel: New in Paperback.
Chow Buddha's Dog House Is Open.
The newest restaurant to call the Fourth Avenue area home is Buddha's Dog House at 425 N Fourth Ave, and it was open for business this weekend.
Sri Lanka is an island of Buddhas.
Ancient and modern, stone, wood, bronze, and plaster, in home shrines and vast temples—the Buddha is both a holy image and an everyday sight.
The Buddha Enlightenment, part 3 PBS.
Buddhas, totems and lots of little pots.
Gavel drops at $143K for Chinese gilt -bronze Buddha.
For those looking for more equanimity, "Buddha Standard Time" can ease the tyranny of the hamster 's wheel.
Buddha Gonzalez and the Headless Chiwawas.
***

In science:

For example, in the sixth century BCE, Gautama Buddha taught that ‘a period of time’ is a purely conventional notion, time and space exist only in relation to our experience, and the universe is eternal.
Singularity Resolution in Loop Quantum Cosmology: A Brief Overview
***