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Au

Definitions

  • WordNet 3.6
    • n AU a unit of length used for distances within the solar system; equal to the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun (approximately 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers)
    • n Au a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia
    • ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Spain, it is common to pour chocolate milk or cafe au lait on cereal for breakfast
    • n au A common English digraph representing generally the sound of “broad a” (â), but often also ä. It occurs only exceptionally, and by conformation with Romanic analogies, in words of Anglo-Saxon origin, as in aught, taught, daughter, haulm = halm, baulk = balk (and formerly as a variant, medially, with aw, as in baul, hauk, etc., for bawl, hawk, etc.). In words of Old French (and ultimately Latin) origin it represents an original al, now sometimes aul as in fault, assault, etc., or a before a nasal, as in aunt, haunch, launch, etc. (but in most such words now usually simplified to a, as in grand, grant, lance, etc.). It is frequently of Latin origin, as in audit, cause, laud, etc., or of Greek origin, as in caustic. In words from recent French it may have the present F. sound (ō) as in hauteur, au fait, etc. In words of German and usually of other foreign origin, it has its analytical value (ä + u), corresponding to English ou in sour, as in sauerkraut, ablaut, umlaut. Formerly au and aw were used almost indifferently; but now au is never final in English words, while aw is rarely medial, except in a few familiar words, as in hawk, bawl, but regularly final, as in law, saw, claw, etc. See aw.
    • n au To the; at the; with the: the dative of the French definite article, occurring in some phrases frequently used in English, as au fait, au fond, au revoir, etc.
    • n au The chemical symbol of gold (L., aurum).
    • ***

Usage

In literature:

Voyages de Aloysio Cadamosto aux Isles Madere, et des Canaries au Cap Blanc, au Senegal, &c. en 1455.
"Robert Kerr's General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 18" by William Stevenson
Vous en voyez quelques-unes sur les batimens destines au cabotage.
"The Journal of Negro History, Vol. I. Jan. 1916" by Various
Petits Pois au Beune.
"The Whitehouse Cookbook (1887)" by Mrs. F.L. Gillette
Au Mont-Rose jusqu'aux cimes les plus elevees, tout est horizontal ou incline au plus de 30 degres.
"Theory of the Earth, Volume 2 (of 4)" by James Hutton
In Alsace, Muenster is made plain and also under the name of Muenster au Cumin because of the caraway.
"The Complete Book of Cheese" by Robert Carlton Brown
O te au marere i hiti atu a Vaua a ratu i reira A rutu i toerau roa!
"White Shadows in the South Seas" by Frederick O'Brien
Leurs danses se font au son de la voix, car ils n'ont point d'instrument de musique.
"A General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Vol. 15 (of 18)" by Robert Kerr
There are no daughters of Au so goodly as this one.
"The Life and Death of Richard Yea-and-Nay" by Maurice Hewlett
LEFEVRE-PONTALIS, A. Vingt annees de Republique parlementaire au xvii^e siecle.
"History of Holland" by George Edmundson
This ground lies approximately E: by S. 3/4 S from the western head of Isle au Haute, distant 7 miles.
"Fishing Grounds of the Gulf of Maine" by Walter H. Rich
Documents nouveaux relatifs au travail des femmes et des enfants, dans les manufactures, les mines, etc, etc.
"Women Wage-Earners" by Helen Campbell
Vierge demeure ensevelie sous les ruines de l'ancienne chapelle jusqu'au regne de Henri I. l'an 1331.
"A Bibliographical, Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour in France and Germany, Volume One" by Thomas Frognall Dibdin
At Pointe au Pic stood a substantial stone house.
"A Canadian Manor and Its Seigneurs" by George M. Wrong
Berriat de Saint-Prix, J., 'Jeanne d'Arc, ou Coup-d'oeil sur les revolutions de France au temps de Charles VI.
"Joan of Arc" by Ronald Sutherland Gower
Et le dona la royne Iehanne deureux au roy Charles filz du roy Iehan, lan de nres' mil troys cens soissante et neuf.
"A Bibliographical, Antiquarian and Picturesque Tour in France and Germany, Volume Two" by Thomas Frognall Dibdin
Caro, E. Le Pessimisme au 19.
"Types of Weltschmerz in German Poetry" by Wilhelm Alfred Braun
The only other thing that I can see for her to do is to run straight on to Port au Prince.
"The Queen's Cup" by G. A. Henty
Au gratin dishes, meat pie and various vegetables may be cooked at the same time.
"Mrs. Wilson's Cook Book" by Mary A. Wilson
Very quietly and modestly he told his story between sips of cafe-au-lait.
"Lorraine" by Robert W. Chambers
Cauliflower au Gratin, 73.
"365 Luncheon Dishes" by Anonymous
***

In poetry:

Gay God of Bottles, I deny
Those brave tempestuous times are o'er;
Somehow I think, I scarce know why,
'Tis not good-by--but au revoir!
"Ballade To A Departing God" by Richard Le Gallienne
"Aw'm sure it has two blazin e'en,
"Its grinnin' fangs au've plainly seen;
"It looks as savage as a bear,
"An' it so horribly dus stare."
"The Watch And Ward." by Samuel Bamford
Salut au monde!
What cities the light or warmth penetrates, I penetrate those cities
myself;
All islands to which birds wing their way, I wing my way myself.
"Salut Au Monde" by Walt Whitman
"Tell us of thy food,--those half-marine refections,
Crinoids on the shell and Brachipods au naturel,--
Cuttlefish to which the pieuvre of Victor Hugo
Seems a periwinkle.
"To The Pliocene Skull" by Francis Bret Harte
"Correct," dat feller say right away,
"I’ll only say, Au revoir,"
An' out of de winder he’s goin' pouf!
Beeg nose, long hair, short tail, an' hoof,
Off on de road to Bord à Plouffe
Crossin' de reever dere.
"The Devil" by William Henry Drummond
The husband he was thrown next day from his au-to-mo-bile,
And although rather lonesome it did make his widow feel,
It made her glad to know that she had paid that prem-i-um,
And oftentimes in after years these words she'd softly hum:
"I Cannot Pay That Premium" by Franklin Pierce Adams

In news:

Ben Vaughn, formerly of Grace and Au Fond Farmtable, on Food Network.
United Nations: The UN Security Council passed a resolution in August to replace the AU force with more than 20,000 UN peacekeepers who would have a stronger mandate to protect civilians.
In the meantime, the UN has agreed to support the AU operation.
Tension melts away as you board the mailboat to Isle au Haut, one of the granite islands of Penobscot Bay.
But no matter what we order, we can't walk away without one of Au Petit Four 's first-rate croissants.
Get cheap office, Alcatel, Business phone system Melbourne at Excelcom.com.au.
Au Pied de Cochon, North One 10, and Tuscan Steak.
Fifi's Poulet champignon au ch vre Ñ chicken breast stuffed with goat cheese and herbs.
Point-au-Chien Indians fear devastation from gulf oil spill.
Medics and Lavalas supporters in Port-au-Prince celebrate birthday of former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
Doctor at the free medical clinic in Port-au-Prince .
Despite falling into a state of neglect and disrepair over the past century, Port-au-Prince 's beautiful, ornate 'gingerbread' houses were unlikely survivors of last year's earthquake.
View satellite photos that show Port-au-Prince before and after the Jan 12, 2010 earthquake.
Cholera Reaches Port-au-Prince, More Cases Expected.
Getting Back to Work in Port-au-Prince .
***

In science:

As is discussed in (4.12) of, for a unit vector u ∈ V one has an Au -module isomorphism u ◦ : Au ∼→ F with the inverse map u • : F ∼→ Au where Au = {a ∈ A| a • u = 0} in our terminology.
Algebraic structures on quasi-primary states in superconformal algebras
Then one has mµ = mν = 1 and mµAu,µ + mν Au,ν = Au,µ + Au,ν = 0 (to be checked directly).
On a stratification defined by real roots of polynomials
For example the one sided L´evy PDFs whose Laplace pair is ψ(u) = exp(−Auα ), or ψ(u) = 1/(1 + Auα ) discussed below, belong to the class of functions described by Eqs. (5,6).
Aging Continuous Time Random Walks
That is, for a total system composed of two subsystems A and B, we can write for entropy S (A + B ) = S (A) +aS S (B ) and for energy U (A + B ) = U (A) +aU U (B ) where aS = −λS = (1 − q)/k and aU = −λU = (1 − q)/kT for NSM.
Generalized algebra within a nonextensive statistics
If TNOs with q < 40 AU divide in two groups one neutral and another red, we can no longer consider the “red cluster ” as a separate group (based on color differences) since it is apparently equal to the red one found for q < 40 AU .
Reopening the TNOs Color Controversy: Centaurs Bimodality and TNOs Unimodality
Consequently, TR03 are implicitly dealing, in their work, with not two but three groups of objects: neutral and red TNOs with q < 40 AU, and red TNOs with q > 40 AU .
Reopening the TNOs Color Controversy: Centaurs Bimodality and TNOs Unimodality
The dilation au = {au j : −J u ≤ j ≤ J u} is defined by (A.5), but with j and j ′ now multi-indices.
Estimation of fractal dimension for a class of Non-Gaussian stationary processes and fields
One checks immediately that if A ∈ GL2(k) then AΨc (u, v )A−1 = Ψc (Au, Av ) for all u, v iff p(Au, Av ) = p(u, v ) for all u, v iff det A = 1.
Automorphisms and twisted loop algebras of finite dimensional simple Lie superalgebras
Fo r example, Rubidium (Rb) is electropositive on a gold (Au) surface, since its ionization potential Ii ∼ 4.2eV is smaller than the Au work function W ∼ 5eV .
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
One should also invoke Fermi statistics. A typical tunnel curve is shown in Fig. 12 for SET model with D = 14 [au], a = 1 [au], the work function of electrodes W = 0.4 [au], the Fermi energy EF = 0.2 [au], and the polarizability α = 200 [au] (of Na atom).
Broken Symmetry and Coherence of Molecular Vibrations in Tunnel Transitions
For VY CMa, the last of these is of the order of 5–10 AU while the others are much less; so the expected condensations in the region just outside rd should be, typically, no larger than 10 AU, and very likely smaller.
High Resolution, Long - Slit Spectroscopy of VY CMa: The Evidence for Localized High Mass Loss Events
The category HM (MH ) of left (right) H -modules becomes a monoidal category (see [9, 11] for the terminology) with tensor product ⊗ given via ∆, associativity constraints aU,V, W (aU,V, W ), unit k as a trivial H -module and the usual left and right unit constraints.
Generalized diagonal crossed products and smash products for quasi-Hopf algebras. Applications
Further, the implied physical semi-ma jor axis of the B orbit (Table 5; 0.98 ± 0.02 AU) fits within previous estimates of the inner disk radius of 1.5 – 2 AU (S98, P2001), but it is unclear whether the implied separation is consistent with dynamical modeling of such circumbinary disks (e.g.
Dynamical Masses for Low-Mass Pre-Main Sequence Stars: A Preliminary Physical Orbit for HD 98800 B
HA = {u : u ∈ L2(Q) ∩ Au ∈ L2 (Q) ∩ u(∂Q) = 0} with inner product (u, v)A = (Au, v).
Limit theorems for number of diffusion processes which did not absorb by boundaries
At 100 AU the peak abundance of CO occurs at z = 40 AU.
Turbulence driven diffusion in protoplanetary disks - chemical effects in the outer disk
***