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Almagest

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • n Almagest The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations and theories of the ancients. The name was extended to other similar works.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n Almagest The greatest work on astronomy before Copernicus, written in the second century a. d. by the Alexandrian astronomer Ptolemy. Its proper title is “Mathematical Composition”; but it was called Almagest, or the greatest, to distinguish it from other books by the same author.
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Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
    • n Almagest al′ma-jest a collection of problems in geometry and astronomy, drawn up by the Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy (about 140 A.D.), so named by the Arabs as the greatest and largest on the subject.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. almageste, LL. almageste, Ar. al-majistī, fr. Gr. (sc. ), the greatest composition
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Ar. al, the, and Gr. megistos, greatest.

Usage

In literature:

The most noted of all the writings of Ptolemy is the work which became famous under the Arabic name of Almagest.
"A History of Science, Volume 1(of 5)" by Henry Smith Williams
The doctrines he laid down in his famous book, "The Almagest," prevailed throughout those ages.
"Great Astronomers" by R. S. Ball
We have already alluded to Regiomontanus, as a celebrated mathematician, and as having published the Almagest of Ptolemy.
"Robert Kerr's General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Volume 18" by William Stevenson
The pages of this Almagest are for the exceptional hour; but daily, as one bookish from the nursery, I read much in many directions.
"Apologia Diffidentis" by W. Compton Leith
Geographia (or Almagest of the Arabs).
"A History of Science, Volume 5(of 5)" by Henry Smith Williams
Almagest, of Ptolemy, description of, i.
"History of the Intellectual Development of Europe, Volume II (of 2)" by John William Draper
Ptolemy's greatest work was the "Megale Syntaxis," generally known as the Almagest.
"Astronomy" by David Todd
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In science:

Peters C.H.F. & Knobel E.B. 1915, Ptolemy's Catalogue of Stars, a revision of the Almagest, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Publ.
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
The catalogue in the Almagest by Ptolemy is the oldest extant star catalogue.
Astrometry during the past 2000 years
The text that is used for comparison is the Almagest, the twelfth century Arabic version of Ptolemy’s astronomical text of which the original Greek text is lost.
Aryabhata's Mathematics
But as explained by Narahari Achar, there is no proof that such a table ever existed. G.J. Toomer, a modern translator of the Greek translation of the Arabic version of the Almagest, nevertheless proceeded to invent such a table to explain two ratios relating to the moon’s orbit.
Aryabhata's Mathematics
One can even dare the hypothesis that the Almagest was just a volume of commented tables based on principles so well known to not even deserve being mentioned.
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
The American Astronomical Almanac can be perhaps better compared to Ptolemy’s Planetary Hypotheses if the latter is really due to him, as universally acccepted, while the Almagest is an earlier but more detailed version of it17 .
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
We find here in particular the so called Commentariolus that presents the plan of the Copernican work, as optimistically viewed by the young (and perhaps still naive) Copernicus himself before he really confronted himself with a work of the dimensions of the Almagest.
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
In a way this and the argument that follows it is much too rough compared to the level of the rest of the Almagest.
Quasi periodic motions from Hipparchus to Kolmogorov
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