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Against

Definitions

  • INGENIOUS PROTECTION AGAINST MIDGES
    INGENIOUS PROTECTION AGAINST MIDGES
  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • Against Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over. "Jacob saw the angels of God come against him."
    • Against By of before the time that; in preparation for; so as to be ready for the time when. "Urijah the priest made it, against King Ahaz came from Damascus."
    • Against From an opposite direction so as to strike or come in contact with; in contact with; upon; as, hail beats against the roof.
    • Against In opposition to, whether the opposition is of sentiment or of action; on the other side; counter to; in contrariety to; hence, adverse to; as, against reason; against law; to run a race against time. "The gate would have been shut against her.""An argument against the use of steam."
    • ***

Additional illustrations & photos:

Dad Leaned Against a Lamp Post and Scratched his Back 364 Dad Leaned Against a Lamp Post and Scratched his Back 364
DRIVER AND BRASSY. STANCE FOR A LOW BALL AGAINST THE WIND DRIVER AND BRASSY. STANCE FOR A LOW BALL AGAINST THE WIND
A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND) WITH THE CLEEK. STANCE A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND) WITH THE CLEEK. STANCE
A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND) WITH THE CLEEK. TOP OF THE SWING A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND) WITH THE CLEEK. TOP OF THE SWING
A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND) WITH THE CLEEK. FINISH A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND) WITH THE CLEEK. FINISH
L. PLAY WITH THE IRON FOR A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND). STANCE L. PLAY WITH THE IRON FOR A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND). STANCE
LI. PLAY WITH THE IRON FOR A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND). TOP OF THE SWING LI. PLAY WITH THE IRON FOR A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND). TOP OF THE SWING
LII. PLAY WITH THE IRON FOR A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND). FINISH LII. PLAY WITH THE IRON FOR A LOW BALL (AGAINST WIND). FINISH

Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
  • Interesting fact: In Alabama, it is against the law to wear a fake mustache that could cause laughter in the church
    • against Of motion or direction: In an opposite direction to, so as to meet; toward.
    • against upon: as, to strike against a rock; the rain beats against the window: to ride against the wind.
    • against Of position: In an opposite position; directly opposite; in front of: in this sense often preceded by over: as, a ship is against the mouth of a river.
    • against In contact with; bearing upon: as, to lean against a wall; in optical contact with (something behind); athwart: as, the ship loomed up dark and grim against the sky.
    • against Of action or purpose: In opposition to; in contrariety to; adverse or hostile to: as, twenty votes against ten; against law, reason, or public opinion.
    • against In resistance to or defense from: as, protection against burglars, cold, fire, etc.; to warn one against danger; the public are cautioned against pickpockets.
    • against In provision for; in preparation for; in anticipation of; with reference to.
    • against In exchange for; in return for; as a balance to: as, an exporter draws against merchandise shipped.
    • against For the purpose of consuming time: as, he talked against time, that is, merely to gain time, a method sometimes adopted by members of legislative and deliberative assemblies who desire to defeat some measure or motion by lapse of time, or to gain time for supporters to assemble.
    • against (by ellipsis). Against the time that; by the time that; before: as, be ready against I get back.
    • ***
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
  • Interesting fact: In 1992, when EuroDisney first opened in France, the public beat some of the park characters because at the time most people had been against the park being built
    • prep Against a-genst′ also a-gānst′, opposite to: in opposition to: in contact or collision with: in provision for: in exchange for, instead of:
    • prep Against a-genst′ (B. and Shak.) by the time that, elliptically for 'against (the time) at which' or 'that I come.'
    • ***

Quotations

  • Oliver Wendell Holmes
    Oliver%20Wendell%20Holmes
    “To reach a port we must sail, sometimes with the wind, and sometimes against it. But we must not drift or lie at anchor.”
  • John Neal
    John Neal
    “A certain amount of opposition is a great help to a man. Kites rise against, not with, the wind.”
  • Charles Caleb Colton
    Charles%20Caleb%20Colton
    “The excess of our youth are checks written against our age and they are payable with interest thirty years later.”
  • Samuel Butler
    Samuel%20Butler
    “He that complies against his will is of his own opinion still.”
  • Horace
    Horace
    “Help a man against his will and you do the same as murder him.”
  • Princess Anne Ireland
    Princess Anne Ireland
    “It could be said that the AIDS pandemic is a classic own-goal scored by the human race against itself.”

Idioms

Against the clock - If you do something against the clock, you are rushed and have very little time to do it.
***
Against the grain - If doing something goes against the grain, you're unwilling to do it because it contradicts what you believe in, but you have no real choice.
***
Go against the grain - A person who does things in an unconventional manner, especially if their methods are not generally approved of, is said to go against the grain. Such an individual can be called a maverick.
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Hope against hope - If you hope against hope, you hope for something even though there is little or no chance of your wish being fulfilled.
***
Swim against the tide - If you swim against the tide, you try to do something that is very difficult because there is a lot of opposition to you. ('Go against the tide' is an alternative form.)
***

Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
OE. agens, ageynes, AS. ongegn,. The s is adverbial, orig. a genitive ending. See Again
Chambers's Twentieth Century Dictionary
Formed from again, with genitive ending -es, as whilst from while—the -t being a later addition, as in amongs-t, amids-t, &c.

Usage

In literature:

For the September decrees were directed not only against the English model, but still more against the American.
"Lectures on the French Revolution" by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton
I have nothing against them, and I hope at the close of the sale they will have nothing against me.
"The Art of Disappearing" by John Talbot Smith
Gregory's arm brushed against a man leaning carelessly against the wharf-rail.
"El Diablo" by Brayton Norton
He voted against the appeal to the people and against the respite.
"Critical and Historical Essays, Volume III (of 3)" by Thomas Babington Macaulay
It is an offense against the gospel, against our common country, and against God.
"Cotton is King and The Pro-Slavery Arguments" by Various
They therefore now clung to John against Philip as they had clung to Richard against Henry II.
"A Student's History of England, v. 1 (of 3)" by Samuel Rawson Gardiner
These were the odds Jason dinAlt had played against countless times before.
"Deathworld" by Harry Harrison
They were moved to a caprice against his calm, against this indifference that was an affront.
"Heart of the Blue Ridge" by Waldron Baily
What if my words could somehow be used against me, or against the alliance?
"The Saracen: Land of the Infidel" by Robert Shea
He was called upon to wage jihad against the enemies of Islam as a Mameluke, on horseback, at the head of an army.
"The Saracen: The Holy War" by Robert Shea
They went to work against Richard II with less reserve than against Edward II.
"A History of England Principally in the Seventeenth Century, Volume I (of 6)" by Leopold von Ranke
Mithridates, Sulla sent against, i., 50; Pompey has command against, 176.
"The Life of Cicero" by Anthony Trollope
He held her against his breast, whilst she sobbed, withheld from him, and all his body vibrated against her.
"The Rainbow" by D. H. (David Herbert) Lawrence
He leaned against her, and her back rested against his arm.
"Shaman" by Robert Shea
Finally the girl fell back against him.
"The Web of the Golden Spider" by Frederick Orin Bartlett
As I switched it on, the electrodes against my flesh tingled a little.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science September 1930" by Various
This meant weakening Ewarts's against the archduke and Brussilov against Boehm-Ermolli.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume III (of VIII)" by Various
The fight against France seemed to be of greater importance and urgency to Germany than that against Russia.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume II (of VIII)" by Various
One of these he advanced against Pirot, the other against Zaichar and Kniashevatz.
"The Story of the Great War, Volume IV (of 8)"
This inquiry was a resource against ennui on rainy days and foggy days and days that were going to clear up later.
"When Ghost Meets Ghost" by William Frend De Morgan
***

In poetry:

Unfold this screen
Against the light,
Show hills and streams
Nature painted.
"Words for the Mica Screen" by Wang Wei
Sight never to forget:
Solemn against the sky
In stately silhouette
Ten emus walking by.
"Emus" by Mary Eliza Fullerton
Still the cold lie quenches
The flaming truth,
And still embattled age
Wars against youth.
""Face In The Tomb That Lies So Still"" by Richard Le Gallienne
Four walls around us
against the cold air;
and the latch drawn close
to the draughty stair.
"Comfort" by Walter de la Mare
Sentences inside out
because your knowing is gone.
Song to surround you
stone against stone.
"Stone Song" by Gerrit Achterberg
Dame mouse patters
Black against the shadow grey;
Dame mouse patters
Grey against the black.
"Impression Fausse" by Paul Verlaine

In news:

(AP) — Alex Park was 15-of-27 passing for 204 yards and a touchdown to lead Dartmouth to a 34-14 victory against Yale on Saturday, ending a 10-game losing streak against the Bulldogs.
The jury deliberating in the state's case against Harold Cartwright III has deadlocked on more than two dozen counts of sex crimes against children.
Parents of an 11-year-old boy at Jefferson Montessori Academy say they're pressing criminal assault charges against a school administrator who allegedly pushed their son against a wall, leaving bruises and causing the boy back and neck pain.
Cox is charged with sexual assault against a person who wasphysically helpless and sexual assault against a person who wasincapable of determining the nature of the conduct.
The Thunder big man played against Atlanta but only after he tested an ankle he injured Friday against Portland.
9/11 bombings and preached terrorist violence against Christians and Jews won his latest appeal against a British government deportation order on Monday.
UCLA safety Dietrich Riley will sit out this week against Arizona State after getting carted off the field last week against California.
WEST LAFAYETTE – Purdue looked noticeably different in a variety of ways on Sunday against Hofstra in comparison to Friday's season-opening 70-65 loss against Bucknell.
As Florida works on its contested voter-roll purge, a judge has ruled against a new restriction on early voting in some counties, saying it discriminates against blacks.
He will miss the last match before the Christmas break, against Freiburg, and the first three games after it against Hannover, Augsburg and Greuther Fuerth.
After years of futility against its arch-rival, the visiting Ponderosa softball team defeated the host Oak Ridge Lady Trojans 6-4 in the "Pink Zone" for just their fifth win against the Trojans in the last eight years.
Jordan Gross expected the Carolina Panthers to get off to a fast start against the New York Giants and build off the momentum from last week's win against a divisional rival.
Taliban, one of the world's most feared militant groups, are preparing for a leadership change that could mean less violence against the state but more attacks against U.S.-led forces in.
Duke converted 8 of 9 third-down plays in the second half against Memphis and 10 of 17 against Wake Forest.
New England Patriots tight end Rob Gronkowski returned to practice Friday for the first time since breaking his forearm Nov 18 against the Indianapolis Colts and is listed as questionable for Sunday's game against the San Francisco 49ers.
***

In science:

The zeros of the polynomial which are insensitive against an increase of nmax are inverses of resonances.
Frobenius-Perron Resonances for Maps with a Mixed Phase Space
Concerning the requirement (β ), we will do the book-keeping by comparing the ordering of the blocks of π which is used in the crossing orientation against the “standard” ordering which lists the blocks in increasing order of their minimal elements.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
The inequality imin(Bl ) > imin(Bm ) is equivalent to σ(l) > σ(m) (by the definition of the permutation σ – see (3.9) in Notation 3.3); comparing this against the formulas (1.16), we see that Bl and Bm have a negative crossing.
Random unitaries in non-commutative tori, and an asymptotic model for q-circular systems
Why is the data processing in [1 ] incorrect? The main argument against the power law used by the authors of [1 ] is the following.
A Note on the Intermediate Region in Turbulent Boundary Layers
In spite of the above assertions, a number of arguments against any major tidal encounter between these two galaxies must be considered.
Star Formation and Tidal Encounters with the Low Surface Brightness Galaxy UGC 12695 and Companions
Our goal is to test this conjecture against simulations of inelastic hard disks.
Asymptotic Energy Decay in Inelastic Fluids
The inclusion of a field mitigates these effects, limiting compression and stabilizing it against fragmentation, allowing the cloud to survive, perhaps to trigger a future generation of star formation (Miesch & Zweibel 1994; MacLow et al. 1994).
OH Zeeman Magnetic Field Detections Toward Five Supernova Remnants Using the VLA
The presence of such a correlation could argue against the possibility of significant Faraday rotation within the SNRs or may result from Faraday depolarization without significant net rotation.
OH Zeeman Magnetic Field Detections Toward Five Supernova Remnants Using the VLA
The population for each variety is plotted against time.
Random deaths in a computational model for age-structured populations
We have nothing against this statement, unless one interprets “a useful role” as “ the only useful role”, or one means that a measure of complexity must be a statistical complexity measure.
Response to Comments on "Simple Measure for Complexity"
This grand-sum spectrum (less the spectrum of interest — see later) was then used as a template spectrum against which to cross-correlate all the individual spectra to obtain a radial velocity study.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
Note that to avoid any danger of ‘self ’ cross-correlation, the spectrum being correlated is not used in creating the average-spectrum template against which it is being crosscorrelated.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
We also tried cross-correlating each spectrum against an M-star template instead of the mean IP Peg spectrum.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
They used the NaI doublet, whilst we used TiO; and they cross correlated against an M-star template, whilst we used a velocity-shifted mean of the data.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
Fig. 9 shows kφ plotted against orbital phase calculated from the region between 7450–7750˚A for both the high and low resolution data sets.
A TiO study of the dwarf nova IP Pegasi
***