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-ize

Definitions

  • Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
    • suff -ize A verb suffix signifying to make to do to practice; as, apologize, baptize, theorize, tyrannize .☞ In the case of certain words the spelling with -iseafter analogy with F. -iser) is the usual form; as, catechise, criticise. With regard to most words, however, which have this suffix there is a diversity of usage, some authorities spelling -ise, others (as in this book) -ize.
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Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
    • n -ize A suffix of Greek origin, forming, from nouns or adjectives, verbs meaning to be or do the thing denoted by the noun or adjective. It occurs in verbs taken from the Greek, as in Atticize, to be, act, or speak like an Athenian, Laconize, to be, act, or speak like a Spartan, philippize, to act on Philip's side, etc. (also in a few whose radical element is not recognized in English, as baptize), and in similar verbs of modern formation, mostly intransitive, but also used transitively, as in criticize, to be a critic, philosophize, to be a philosopher, etc., botanize, etymologize, geologize, etc., to study or apply botany, etymology, geology, etc. It is also used causally, as in civilize, make civil. It is very common in verbs denoting to do or affect in a particular way something indicated by the noun to which it is attached, this being often a person's name, referring to some method or invention, as bowdlerize, to expurgate in Bowdler's fashion, grangerize, to treat (books) after the example set by Granger, macadamize, to make a road after McAdam's method, burnettize, to impregnate with Burnett's liquid, etc. In this use it is applicable to any process associated with the name of a particular person or thing, being often used for the nonce for humorous effect, or confined to special trade use. It is sometimes attached without addition of force to verbs already transitive, as in jeopardize, for jeopard, or where the noun may properly be used as a verb, as in alphabetize, for alphabet (verb). In spelling, usage in Great Britain favors -ise in some verbs, as civilise, but usage there makes most new formations in -ize, which is the regular American spelling in nearly all cases. Verbs in -ize are or may be accompanied by nouns of action in -ization, as civilize, civilization. Such verbs, especially those taken from the Greek, as Atticize, Laconize, may have a noun of action or state in -ism, as Atticism and Laconism, and a noun of agent in -ist, as Atticist (see -ism and -ist). The termination -ize as a variant of -ise in nouns, as in merchandize, is obsolete; as a variant of -ise equivalent to -ish, as in advertise, divertise, it is obsolete or treated as -ize above.
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Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
F. -iser, L. -izare, Gr.

Usage

In literature:

Ize rascelled wid de Almighty 'till my hips was sore, but Ize nebber got it.
"The Twin Hells" by John N. Reynolds
Ize been working anywhere I could make a little since then.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
Dats been a long time ago, Ize tellin you, white man.
"Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in the United States" by Work Projects Administration
He real-izes that th' first thing to have in a libry is a shelf.
"Mr. Dooley Says" by Finley Dunne
It is evident that the only certain road to Union-izing the South is, to plant in it colonies of Northern men.
"Continental Monthly, Vol. I, No. VI, June, 1862" by Various
CIVILIZA'TION: civil + ize + ate + ion = the state of being civilized.
"New Word-Analysis" by William Swinton
Ize got two sisters and a brother still livin, I reckon.
"Slave Narratives: a Folk History of Slavery in the United States From Interviews with Former Slaves" by Work Projects Administration
No one can defalcate in this particular; no one can Texas-ize and be quit of his transgressions and his onward travel.
"The Knickerbocker, or New-York Monthly Magazine, April 1844" by Various
But for Christmasing, substitute propagandy-izing.
"The Ghost in the White House" by Gerald Stanley Lee
The Duchess d'Izes sent him to mother two years ago.
"Prince or Chauffeur?" by Lawrence Perry
Yet Una did not feel Panama-ized.
"The Job" by Sinclair Lewis
The aesir, the angels of the Scandinavian sky, are paler than the izeds.
"The Lords of the Ghostland" by Edgar Saltus
He wuz lookin at me & Abe hard with them mean, fatfish ize ov hizn.
"Si Klegg, Book 3 (of 6) Si And Shorty Meet Mr. Rosenbaum, The Spy, Who Relates His Adventures" by John McElroy
Don't I enthusi-ize with the enthusiasts, and phantazize with the phantazizers?
"The Serapion Brethren," by Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann
Cannon-mouth, canon-ize, and cannon-eers.
"The Handbook of Conundrums" by Edith B. Ordway
One, on the geographic distribution of organ ized matter in general.
"The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll, Vol. 1 (of 12) Dresden Edition--Lectures" by Robert G. Ingersoll
Thare iz no such thing az clozing our ize to the fakt that tilting skirts enable us to see a good deel more ov fashunable sosiety.
"Josh Billings on Ice" by Henry Wheeler Shaw
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In news:

A few days ago we brought you a video of Steel Panther singing a "Panther-ized" version of 'The Twelve Days of Christmas,' now see the band throw out ridiculous song titles for what sounds like the best Christmas album of all time.
Since a small portion of the canal is occupied by a condo complex, we have a large contingent of condo-ized snowbirds as members of the "Dead End Canal Yacht Club".
Since a small portion of the canal is occupied by a condo complex, we have a large contingent of condo-ized snowbirds as members of the.
Rob Jackson aims to capi­ tal ­ize on chance to start.
DeAngelo Hall hopes fresh perspective helps him capi­ tal ­ize.
Redskins look to capi­ tal ­ize on Josh LeRibeus's versatility.
The revolution will not be neuter-ized.
Nite Ize Connect Case and Mobile Mount.
Best Pic Nominees get LEGO-ized.
Logo-ize For Instant Identification & Increased Awareness.
The deep-mulch technique, as popular ized by Ruth Stout, in which the entire growing area is continuously covered with a generous layer of organic mulch.
Taking home honors for the cutest concept vehicle shown in Detroit this year, the Sling Shot is really a Dodge-ized version of the Smart Roadster that is sold in Europe.
Health Trends Teflon -ized Frog Chemical Could Save You from Disease.
Ize in Trouble Proud Citizen Gone West.
For example, many people today take umbrage at verbs that end in - ize, such as incentivize or prioritize.
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In science:

I (solid line); average linear power L (= cor rected for the statistical bias (dashed curve); and average circularly polar ized power V (dotted curve).
Radio Pulsars
I (solid line); Q2 + U 2 ) (dashed linear power L (= curve); and circularly polar ized power V (dotted curve). A box showing the resolution and off-pulse noise rms level is just visible at the left of the diagram.
Radio Pulsars
We further note that while the PA histograms clearly exhibit the modal nature of the polar ized power in pulsars B0809+74 and B2303+30, these distr ibutions remain remarkably complex.
Radio Pulsars
Note the str ikingly modal character of the polar ized power, with the linear assuming nearly orthogonal angles—color-coded as either chartreuse or magneta—and with the cor responding circular falling at about 40% negative (purple) and positive (orange), respectively.
Radio Pulsars
Thus, we now hope and trust that this truer, more universal character ization of the pulsar’s polar ized emission will facilitate broader and more comprehensive physical explanations of its overall nature.
Radio Pulsars
F igure 7 . Norma l ized cr i t ica l tempera ture var ia t ion w i th pressure and doping level for materials with ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic behavior.
Assembling the puzzle of superconducting elements: A Review
As was emphas ized in, a possible way to study the effects of factorization breaking due to rescattering in diffractive photoproduction is to measure the ratio of diffractive and inclusive dijet photoproduction as a function of xg.
Summary of the "Diffraction & Vector Mesons" working group at DIS05
Now, clearly, ∆ ized inverse of Γ, so that, if we succeed in writing ∆ and Γ in the form (10), the somewhat unpleasant recourse to generalized inverses is not required anymore.
Rank-based optimal tests of the adequacy of an elliptic VARMA model
Path computation on an XML-ized summary is about 4-5 times slower than on the binary format, re flecting the impact of the time to read the summary itself.
Path Summaries and Path Partitioning in Modern XML Databases
Such documents are representative for an important class of text-centered XML applications, arguably, of more interest for XML research than XML-ized relational sources.
Path Summaries and Path Partitioning in Modern XML Databases
INTRODUCTION As observations of velocity, density and magnetic fields in astrophysical plasmas probe ever smaller scales, turbulence — i.e., broadband disordered fluctuations usually character ized by power-law energy spectra —emerges as a fundamental and ubiquitous feature.
Astrophysical gyrokinetics: kinetic and fluid turbulent cascades in magnetized weakly collisional plasmas
For such tests we require a standard ruler, a known physical scale whose observed angular s ize can be measu red as a func t ion o f redsh i f t .
Anglo-Australian Observatory February 2009 newsletter
For a fixed sketch s ize, plain estimators perform worse for independent sketches than for coordinated sketches.
Coordinated Weighted Sampling for Estimating Aggregates Over Multiple Weight Assignments
Operat ing in high w inds the re fo re minim izes the b ia s towards lower see ing va lues tha t le ss rob us t DIMM te le scopes w ill e xper ie nce.
Lessons learned from the TMT site testing campaign
Over-size: One final problem with random modal-encoded QBF formulae is s ize.
A New General Method to Generate Random Modal Formulae for Testing Decision Procedures
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